Private Pensions Outlook 2008 focuses on the implications for pensions and private pensions policy of the financial crisis, in-depth, international analyses of private pension arrangements across OECD and selected non-OECD countries, the role of pension funds and public pension reserve funds which complement the financing of social security systems.
According to the new OECD Private Pensions Outlook workers are rightly worried about the fall in the value of the private pension savings and there is growing pressure on governments to act. The OECD estimates that the loss in private pension assets in the year to December 2008 has increased to US$ 5.4 trillion, up from US$ 5 trillion until October. The average pension fund had a negative rate of return of 23 percent over the year.
Policy makers are now facing the challenge of providing a short-term response to the crisis without losing sight of the longer-term structural reforms needed to put pension and healthcare systems on a solid footing in light of population ageing. According to Mr. Gurría, we need pension funds to be more transparent and better regulated but we also need structural reforms in the public pension policies and health care systems.
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This paper is designed as an overview piece, discussing if pension funds should invest in infrastructure on a theoretical basis, whether they do in practice, and, if not, how (and if) regulators can encourage and assist them to do so.
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This paper provides an overview of selected country experiences, and provides some suggestions for governments in developing countries considering implementing their own pension reform to ensure that informal sector workers receive the retirement income they need.
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This paper discusses why the development of pension systems is important for the African region. It also looks at the current pension arrangements in selected African countries.
Mr. Gurría underlined that business ethics should be at the center of any new road-map for the global economy. Markets should not only be more stable, but morally acceptable as well. He said that it is time to reunite ethics and economics through a solid, transparent and updated set of rules.
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Institutional features and policy practices of investment guarantee programmes - institutional features of the public and private segments of the political risk insurance market - issues of potential relevance for the investment policy community. Typically, international investment projects for which such insurance is sought are located in developing countries. In recent years, the value of investment guarantees has averaged about
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The present financial crisis may be added to a growing list of episodes worldwide in which financial sector problems have become systemic in nature. Many OECD countries have been affected, either directly or through the transmission of problems cross-border. Most financial crises share a number of common elements. For instance, financial innovation has often played a role in distress episodes, in many cases, having much to do with
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This article treats some ideas and issues that are part of ongoing reflection at the OECD. They were first raised in a major research article for the Reserve Bank of Australia conference in July 2008, and benefited from policy discussion in and around that conference. One fundamental cause of the crisis was a change in the business model of banking, mixing credit with equity culture. When this model was combined with complex