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The principal purpose of this article is to analyse the trade-off between the (un)certainty in contributions on the one hand and benefits on the other that is embedded in different pension arrangements. The article employs the funding ratio (ratio of assets to liabilities) and the replacement rate (ratio of benefits to salaries) as key criteria for evaluating the risk sharing characteristics of a private pension plan from the
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The problems the world faces in dealing with the current finanical crisis are far from over. This speech addresses where we are in this process and how optimistic we can be. It was prepared for the session on Restoring Confidence in Financial Systems at the 2009 OECD Forum: The Crisis and Beyond: For a stronger, cleaner, fairer economy.
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This book proposes policy actions related to the protection and awareness of financial consumers in light of the financial crisis, especially through the Recommendation on Good Practices on Financial Education and Awareness Relating to Credit.
In his introductory remarks at the Paris Conference for Long-Term Value & Economic Stability, Angel Gurría talks about the importance of long-term investments and their capacity to help to bring back confidence and to achieve long-term sustainable development throughout the world
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This report describes why occupational pensions play a major role in OECD countries and worldwide, complementing retirement income from state sources. Their financial importance is highlighted by the volume of assets they manage on behalf of plan members, USD 22 trillion at the end of 2008. Population ageing has also led many OECD countries to undertake a wide range of pension reforms – the overall effect of which has been to reduce
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Many OECD governments are facing unprecedented challenges in the markets for bonds and bills, as a result of the explosive growth in their borrowing needs. Amidst an unusually uncertain economic outlook, the gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are expected to reach almost USD 12 trillion in 2009. The key policy issue is how to raise smoothly new funds at low cost, while also managing a rapidly growing debt stock. For the time
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Government debt issuance procedures and policies differ across OECD jurisdictions, in particular in terms of technical standards for selling techniques, primary dealer systems and other primary market arrangements. However, the increased integration of global financial markets (including the jump in the integration of European government debt markets since the introduction of the Euro) has been an important catalyst in the
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This article looks at the stages of crisis management and some of the different degrees of transparency on losses and risks in the US and Europe. It also compares alternative approaches to dealing with impaired assets used in the USA and Europe. Exposure to off-balance losses remains a key issue. Europe, surprisingly, has been and remains the major issuer of collateralised synthetic obligations that have been so prominent in the
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OECD Good Practices on Financial Education and Awareness Relating to Credit, OECD, 2009
Financial markets and services are playing a greater social and economic role in the daily life of the average individual. One of the challenges is to move from raising awareness on financial issues to actually changing consumers’ behaviours, notably by integrating financial literacy into school curricula, according to Mr. Gurría.