This publication assesses the impact of previous competition law and policy reviews in nine Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama and Peru. This report was discussed during the 2012 annual meeting of the OECD-IDB Latin American Competition Forum held in the Dominican Republic.
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This document contains the proceedings of a Roundtable on Competition and Payment Systems held in October 2012. Discussions focused on recent country experiences on developments regarding all non-paper based forms of payment such as debit and credit cards, and E-payments (through internet, mobile phones etc.).
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Competition authorities widely rely on leniency policies to detect, investigate and prosecute hard-core cartels. Jurisdictions that operate leniency programmes recognize the benefits of rewarding not only the first-in applicant who denounces the cartel but also subsequent applicants who provide useful corroboration or new evidence. This publication reviews the findings from a roundtable discussion held in October 2012.
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The globalisation of business means cartel activity is increasingly international in scope. Investigating international cartels poses many challenges to competition authorities in both developing and developed economies, highlighting the importance of increased co-operation on both procedural and substantive issues.
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Competition authorities and courts are often called upon to quantify the harm to competition or the damages suffered by private parties due to anti-competitive conduct. Am OECD discussion revealed that competition agencies mainly agree on the quantitative methods used to measure harm while there is some disagreement about whether quantification is useful for competition agencies. This document compiles the documents of this discussion.
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Since 2008 prices of primary commodities have increased significantly. This has led to calls for competition authorities to be more vigilant regarding anti-competitive practices and to deal with pressure from politicians and the media especially when basic foodstuffs are involved. This document includes the proceedings of a discussion on Commodity Price Volatility held during the OECD Global Forum on Competition in 2012.
This report documents procurement regulations and practices in the State of Mexico and makes policy recommendations in key procurement areas.
English, PDF, 1,866kb
Greater transparency in the market is generally efficiency enhancing. It can also produce anticompetitive effects. Given the potential pro- and anti-competitive effects of unilateral announcements, competition agencies face the challenge of deciding how to handle these. These proceedings include an analytical note by Mr. Antonio Capobianco, an executive summary and summary of discussion as well as over 20 national contributions.
English, PDF, 3,208kb
Market definition is one of the most fundamental concepts underpinning any competition analysis. It provides a framework for the ultimate inquiry of whether a particular conduct or transaction is likely to produce anticompetitive effects. The OECD debated the topic in June 2012. These proceedings include the documents from this debate notably a background note by U. Schwalbe and F. Maier-Rigaud and 30 national contributions.
This publication catalogues national practices that illustrate implementation of aspects or elements of competitive neutrality and highlights examples of challenges that may be encountered.