The combination of big data with technologically advanced tools is changing the competitive landscape in many markets and sectors. While this is producing benefits and efficiencies, it is also raising concerns of possible anti-competitive behaviour. This paper looks at whether algorithms can make tacit collusion easier and discusses some of the challenges they present for both competition law enforcement and market regulation.
This long-term project between the Greek government and the OECD assesses regulations potentially restricting competition in designated sectors and proposes specific recommendations for change.
This publication puts forward a research agenda that advocates the importance of market competition, effective market regulation, and competition policies for achieving inclusive growth and shared prosperity in emerging and developing economies. It is the result of a global partnership and shared commitment between the World Bank Group and the OECD.
Defining the geographic scope of a market can be a challenging process for competition agencies. In November 2016, the OECD held a roundtable to identify challenges faced by agencies when delineating markets that may have national or broader borders, and discussed how those challenges are being overcome.
Governments can affect the way markets function, sometimes to the detriment of free competition. Ensuring a level playing field is therefore essential to allow competition to work properly. This page gathers the work of the OECD Competition Committee throughout the years on the challenges arising from state interventions in the market and what competition authorities can do to address the distortions that they can create.
Globalisation, the increasing significance of emerging economies, the borderless nature of the growing digital economy, and the proliferation of competition regimes have caused a significant increase in the complexity of cross-border competition law enforcement co-operation. The OECD and its Competition Committee take a leading role in shaping the framework for international co-operation among competition enforcement agencies.
French, PDF, 1,395kb
Ce rapport analyse les expériences des pays de l'OCDE dans la mise en œuvre de la recommandation sur la séparation structurelle dans les secteurs réglementés et conclut que cela reste un remède pertinent pour faire avancer le processus de libéralisation du marché et que les domaines d'application peuvent inclure des industries verticalement intégrées où seules certaines activités sont soumises à des contraintes concurrentielles.
English, PDF, 1,341kb
This 2016 report analyses experiences of OECD countries in implementing the OECD recommendation on structural separation in regulated industries and concludes that structural separation remains a relevant remedy to advance the process of market liberalisation and that the areas of application can include vertically integrated industries where only some activities are subject to competitive constraints.
International co-operation in competition law enforcement is at the core of the OECD competition-related work. This inventory covers over 140 co-operation MoUs between competition agencies where at least one of the signatories is a competition authority of an OECD Member, Associate or Participant to the OECD Competition Committee, or the European Union.
Governments everywhere are increasingly interested in assessing the effects of their policies and the effectiveness of public institutions. Competition policy is no exception. Competition agencies affect the economy by taking decisions on cases under competition law. With their governments, they can influence market competition in the economy more widely through policy interventions.