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  • 21-December-2018

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Portugal - Volume II - Self-Regulated Professions

    Portugal’s services markets are among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. As vital inputs into the business sector, services provided by professionals, such as lawyers and engineers, generate up to 1.8 times their value in outputs by firms that use them. However, structural flaws in the regulation make professional services highly expensive for firms, diminishing their ability to compete effectively. Regulatory restrictions also hamper innovation and efficiency within the professions. Against this backdrop, this report examines regulations for 13 self-regulated professions (lawyers, solicitors, notaries, bailiffs, architects, engineers, technical engineers, certified accountants, auditors, economists, customs brokers, nutritionists and pharmacists). From 923 pieces of legislation analysed, the report makes 348 individual recommendations for amending or removing provisions to improve competition, and makes a detailed inventory of the analysis underlying the work. Analysis of Portuguese legislation and professions was complemented by research into international experiences and wide consultations with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD recommendations aim to remove or modify overly restrictive provisions in order to facilitate the access or exercise of the professions, to benefit businesses and consumers alike. This report identifies the sources of those benefits and gives estimates of their impact. Provided all recommendations are fully implemented, the benefit to the economy from lifting the barriers in the 13 liberal professions is estimated at around EUR 130 million a year.
  • 21-December-2018

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Portugal - Volume I - Inland and Maritime Transports and Ports

    Portugal’s services markets remain among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. Inland and maritime transports in Portugal are a vital part of the business environment, ensuring the movement of goods and passengers and inputs for the business sector. Regulatory restrictions limit the ability of firms to effectively compete in the markets, whether as providers or customers, while hampering innovation, efficiency and productivity. Against this backdrop, this report analyses Portuguese regulations for road, railway and maritime transport, and many ancillary services (such as vehicle inspection centres), as well as Portugal’s ports. The report examines 1 064 pieces of legislation and makes 417 individual recommendations for amending or removing restrictive provisions to improve competition, and makes a detailed inventory of the analysis underlying the work. Analysis of Portuguese legislation was complemented by research into international experiences and wide consultations with public and private sector stakeholders. The OECD recommendations aim to remove or modify the provisions to benefit businesses and consumers alike. This report identifies the sources of those benefits and gives estimates of their impact. Provided all recommendations are fully implemented, the benefit to the economy from lifting the barriers in the land and maritime transport sectors is estimated to be around EUR 250 million a year.
  • 6-December-2018

    English

    OECD-BWB Workshop on Complex Cartel Case Management

    Vienna, 6-7 December 2018: An OECD Workshop for Competition Officials in co-operation with the Austrian competition authority, BWB, was held on "Complex Cartel Case Management". Read more about the workshop.

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  • 30-November-2018

    English

    Investigative powers in practice

    The 2018 Global Forum on Competition discussed practical issues regarding the use of competition authorities' investigative powers notably unnannounced inspections, requests for information and due process.

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  • 30-November-2018

    English

    Competition law and state-owned enterprises

    The 2018 Global Forum on Competition looked at investigations into anticompetitive mergers, agreements and conduct by state-owned enterprises as well as challenges in enforcement of competition law.

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  • 29-November-2018

    English

    Gender and competition

    The 2018 Global Forum on Competition explored whether a gender lens might in fact help deliver a more objective competition policy by identifying additional relevant features of the market, and of the behaviour of consumers and firms.

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  • 29-November-2018

    English

    Benefits and challenges of regional competition agreements

    Debates at the 2018 Global Forum on Competition explored the potential benefits, obstacles and challenges of regional competition agreements and will draw an inventory of existing agreements.

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  • 29-November-2018

    English

    OECD Global Forum on Competition

    Paris, 29-30 November 2018: The 2018 Global Forum will focus on: competition and fairer societies; gender; regional competition agreements; investigative powers; and state-owned enterprises.

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  • 28-November-2018

    English

    Excessive Pricing in Pharmaceuticals

    A number of competition enforcement actions against excessive pricing have taken place in the pharmaceutical sector, despite competition authorities usually being reluctant to intervene directly against high prices. In November 2018, the OECD held a discussion on the intersection of competition concerns with excessive prices and the interaction between competition and regulated sectors such as pharma.

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  • 28-November-2018

    English

    Personalised Pricing in the Digital Era

    As data analytics and pricing algorithms become common business practice in the digital era, there are growing concerns about the possibility that companies use such tools to engage in personalised pricing. In November 2018, the OECD Consumer Protection and Competition committees jointly discussed challenges associated with the ambiguous and multi-dimensional effects of personalised pricing among other issues.

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