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While recognising that emergency measures in a crisis may sometimes stray from the principles of sound competition, he urged governments to ensure that any support for individual companies and national champions should be transparent and temporary. “It is crucial that any restriction of competition during this critical period be carefully thought out, temporary and monitored,” said Mr Gurría.
“We must never lose sight of the underlying principles of sound competition. The case for national champions is weak – the protection of incumbents and ailing firms is likely to dampen growth in both developing and developed countries,” he said.
“It also risks escalating global protectionist measures and beggar-thy-neighbour responses. We must avoid interventionist industrial policies that favour incumbents, that seek to pick winners, or to reward losers,” he added.
Mr Gurría underlined the vital role of competition in increasing productivity and economic performance, and in preventing further market distortions. “Competition law and policy should continue to ensure a level playing field that is underpinned by clear rules and strong enforcement by competition authorities,” he said.
The issues surrounding competition policy form an important part of the OECD’s Strategic Response to the financial and economic crisis, which is helping governments to strengthen the framework in which markets operate and adopt policies to restore sustainable long-term growth.
The challenges of safeguarding competition in the context of industrial policies and national champions is one of the issues being discussed at the OECD Global Forum on Competition, taking place in Paris on
Officials from nearly 80 countries are also debating the impact of the informal economy on competition, and the role competition policy in times of economic crisis.
For further information, journalists are invited to contact the OECD’s Media Division (+ 33 1 45 24 97 00).
More information on OECD work on competition is available at www.oecd.org/competition and on the Global Forum at www.oecd.org/competition/globalforum.