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The term “refusal to deal” describes a situation in which one firm refuses to sell to another firm, or is willing to sell only at a price that is considered “too high” or only under conditions that are deemed unacceptable. RTDs may harm competition by preventing entry that would have eroded or eliminated the dominant firm’s position. They may also restrict competition in markets where the dominant firm’s product is an input or a
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Este documento analiza el marco regulatorio del sector farmacéutico en México y sus implicaciones en el desempeño del mercado.
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This report describes why occupational pensions play a major role in OECD countries and worldwide, complementing retirement income from state sources. Their financial importance is highlighted by the volume of assets they manage on behalf of plan members, USD 22 trillion at the end of 2008. Population ageing has also led many OECD countries to undertake a wide range of pension reforms – the overall effect of which has been to reduce
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The OECD’s Competition Committee debated competition issues in the currentfinancial crisis on 17-18 February 2009. Participants included senior competitionofficials, current and former financial markets regulators, leading academics andrepresentatives of the business community. This document presents two keydocuments from that event: an Executive Summary which draws on the debate andthe written materials and the Background Paper for
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The financial sector is vulnerable to systemic loss of trust. The current crisis resulted from failures in financial market regulation, not failure of competition. Competition and stability can co-exist in the financial sector: more competitive market structures promote stability by reducing the number of banks that are “too big to fail”. Competition helps make the financial sector efficient and ensure that rescue and stimulus
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Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers. There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears
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El presente documento estudia el papel de la interconexion en la competitividad en el sector mexicano de telecomunicaciones.
The Competition Committee adopted in 2005 a proactive Strategy which includes criteria for the identification of potential observers in the Committee. It also defines the role and participation of non-members in the Committee’s work. At its October 2011 session, the Competition Committee will review under this 2005 Strategy the applications received by 29 July 2011 from non-members to become observers in the Competition Committee for
The economic crisis has generated an urgent need to restore confidence in our future and make the world economy stronger, cleaner and fairer. There is growing political consensus on the need to develop a set of common principles and standards in order to ensure a more stable and sustainable development of the global economy, according to the OECD Secretary-General.
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The OECD has been developing a response to the crisis that is holistic, looking atfinancial market issues, and the wide variety of factors that led to damaging incentive structures, as well as the requirements for broader macro and fiscal policies. The crisis has led to a variety of emergency financial measures such as loans, guarantees, and nationalisations. For financial markets, the focus is on exit strategies that are consistent