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This seminar explored how to detect and prevent bid rigging in public procurement using the OECD Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging. A variety of case studies in which procurement officials detected bid rigging or designed procedures for preventing bid rigging will be discussed. Key focal areas for the seminar are investigative best practices and techniques, leniency programs, trade associations, and the use of indirect evidence.
The OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment calls for governments to identify existing or proposed public policies that unduly restrict competition and to revise them by adopting more pro-competitive alternatives.
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The term "resale price maintenance" refers to a practice in which suppliers and resellers come to an understanding that places restrictions on the prices resellers may charge. There are several types of such agreements, the most common involves a supplier agreeing with retailers not to charge less than a certain price for the supplier's product. RPM may harm consumers by restricting intrabrand price competition, but RPM may benefit
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Settlements procedures may pursue different policy objectives in different OECD jurisdictions. Generally, they reward cooperation from the investigated parties, they create and sustain momentum in the investigation of other conspirators and they allow cartel cases to be resolved quickly. In some jurisdictions, settlements also offer “finality”, i.e. they offer companies certainty as to the outcome of the investigation and allow them
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The term “refusal to deal” describes a situation in which one firm refuses to sell to another firm, or is willing to sell only at a price that is considered “too high” or only under conditions that are deemed unacceptable. RTDs may harm competition by preventing entry that would have eroded or eliminated the dominant firm’s position. They may also restrict competition in markets where the dominant firm’s product is an input or a
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Este documento analiza el marco regulatorio del sector farmacéutico en México y sus implicaciones en el desempeño del mercado.
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This report describes why occupational pensions play a major role in OECD countries and worldwide, complementing retirement income from state sources. Their financial importance is highlighted by the volume of assets they manage on behalf of plan members, USD 22 trillion at the end of 2008. Population ageing has also led many OECD countries to undertake a wide range of pension reforms – the overall effect of which has been to reduce
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The OECD’s Competition Committee debated competition issues in the currentfinancial crisis on 17-18 February 2009. Participants included senior competitionofficials, current and former financial markets regulators, leading academics andrepresentatives of the business community. This document presents two keydocuments from that event: an Executive Summary which draws on the debate andthe written materials and the Background Paper for
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The financial sector is vulnerable to systemic loss of trust. The current crisis resulted from failures in financial market regulation, not failure of competition. Competition and stability can co-exist in the financial sector: more competitive market structures promote stability by reducing the number of banks that are “too big to fail”. Competition helps make the financial sector efficient and ensure that rescue and stimulus
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Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers. There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears