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While there is no presumption of per se illegality of structural links between competitors, minority shareholdings and interlocking directorates can have negative effects on competition depending on the circumstances, either by reducing the individual incentives to compete or by facilitating collusion. In OECD countries, merger review rules are most frequently used to examine the competitive effects of minority shareholdings. However,
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La primera ley de competencia de El Salvador entró en vigor el 1 de enero de 2006. La ley, con algunas enmiendas importantes de 2007, es sólida en la mayoría de los aspectos. Emplea estándares de aplicación que son coherentes con las mejores prácticas en la comunidad de competencia mundial.
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Jointly published by OECD and the IDB, this report reviews competition laws and policies in El Salvador and concludes with recommendations for changes in government policy. “Peer review” is a core element of OECD work. The mechanisms of peer review vary, but it is founded upon the willingness of all OECD countries and their partners to submit their laws and policies to substantive questioning by other members.
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Haciendo uso de la Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares, estetrabajo presenta evidencia empírica de que las pérdidas sociales debido al ejercicio de poderes de mercado en México no solamente son significativas, sino que también son regresivas. Más aún, la pérdida en el bienestar social es también diferente para cada entidad federativa, siendo los habitantes de los estados del sur los más afectados.
We are seeking your input to our work on competition issues. This survey will only take a short time to complete and the data collected will be used to improve our documents and website.
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Between 2004 and 2006, the Competition Committee held a series of four roundtables on private enforcement in competition cases. This document summarises those discussions and focuses on general principles and policies as well as a number of specific issues related to private actions for damages.
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This roundtable examined the links between competition policy and energy security, with a focus on natural gas. The discussion began by addressing the questions of the meaning and importance of energy security; and the determinants of energy security, particularly as they relate to competition policy. It continued in dealing with gas supply, transportation, and distribution, addressing five aspects that relate to different aspects
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This roundtable addressed the economics, practice, and policy of vertical merger enforcement. It explored the state of research on vertical mergers and the practical strategies, difficulties, and successes of vertical merger enforcement by competition agencies.
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UK DFID Competition Assessment Framework
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Competition can improve the functioning of the retail banking sector without harming prudential regulation. Customer mobility and choice are essential to stimulate banking competition; credit ratings and easy, low-cost transaction costs for switching are crucial for promoting customer mobility.