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This paper evaluates competition conditions in the domestic airline industry in Mexico, identifies impediments to competition that can be addressed by policymakers and presents recommendations. We find that the liberalization policies adopted in the mid 2000s has greatly benefited consumers. We do find, however, that policymakers can do more to improve competition in the sector. We find that saturation conditions at the Mexico City
Taking place in Paris on 18-19 February 2010, the 9th OECD Global Forum on Competition will focus on state aids and subsidies and collusion and corruption in public procurement. Participants will also discuss a peer review of Brazil's competition law and policy.
Opening the 9th Global Forum on Competition, Mr. Gurría talks about the concerted global effort needed to promote competitive markets which will support the recovery from the crisis.
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Presentation on Competition Assessment, by Sean Ennis.
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Different definitions have been employed in order to capture different aspects of the informal economy. It often comprises a substantial share of GDP in many developing countries. Many researchers are concerned that informal firms negatively impact an economy because they are typically less productive than formal firms. Informal firms which fail to comply with various economic regulations or which fail to meet their tax obligations
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Buyer power is concerned with how downstream firms can affect the terms of trade with upstream suppliers. There are two types of buyer power: monopsony power and bargaining power. The welfare implications, and therefore the appropriate enforcement policies, of the two types of buyer power are very different. Both result in lower input prices, but the exercise of monopsony power usually results in higher prices downstream.
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Firms operating in two-sided markets have to balance the interlinked demands of two types of customers. This may require a skewed price structure, which raises the issue of whether two-sided markets are socially efficient. In general, the profit maximizing structure is not socially optimal. But it does not exhibit any obvious bias, either. The Delegates discussed the ways in which enforcement issues differ in two-sided markets as
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It is often said that competition policy protects competition, not individual competitors. Policies that support this concept promote consumer welfare, choice and efficiency. How sharply does industrial policy conflict with this? Industrial policy creates or favours national champions; yet it purports to have the same goals and produce many of the same benefits for the market. This roundtable examined the tensions and interesting
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This workshop addressed abuse of dominance, with discussions focusing on defining the relevant market, barriers to entry, determining whether market power exists, efficiency considerations as well as remedies and sanctions.
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Accounting professions provide key services for ensuring the smooth operation of market economies. Maintaining access to quality accounting work at a reasonable price is crucial for increasing transparency of publicly held companies. While many practices may serve to protect consumers who are not otherwise able to assess the company accounts, there appear to be many areas in which there is restricted competition, particularly as a