Gender inclusive competition policy


The fight for gender equality is one of the defining challenges of our age. While progress has been made in many areas, the relationship between gender and competition policy remains largely unexplored. Competition policy usually thinks in terms of consumers and firms, government and regulators. Traditionally, consumers have been considered only by their willingness to pay, their (rational) preferences, their ability to substitute between products offered by firms. Meanwhile, firms are treated as entities that are defined by the profit-maximising objectives of their owners, and only rarely seen as collections of people. Competition policy is therefore largely gender blind and prides itself on its objectivity. However, in 2018, the OECD began to explore whether a gender lens might in fact help deliver a more effective competition policy by identifying additional relevant features of the market, and of the behaviour of consumers and firms, as well as whether a more effective competition policy can help address gender inequality. The OECD Gender Inclusive Competition Policy project has been launched with the support of the Canadian Government and in particular the Canadian Competition Bureau to develop guidance for competition agencies in this area.


Developing evidence in gender inclusive competition policy 

Please note that the call for proposals has now closed.

How can competition agencies and competition policy in general contribute to operational and analytical changes in creating a gender inclusive competition policy? The OECD is currently reviewing the research proposal received in response to our call. Selected candidates will be informed in due course in order that they may start work on a draft paper to presented for discussion and comment during the Workshop On Gender & Competition Policy 25 February 2021. The research will feed into the OECD's development of a practical guidance for the Canadian Competition Bureau and other interested competition authorities who work on building a gender inclusive competition policy.

Final papers will be submitted in May 2021 in time for presentation at a workshop planned for June 2021.

» Download the Call for Proposals

Project timeline

1 Oct 2020 - Deadline for submitting responses to the call for proposals

Feb 2021 - Open workshop to discuss proposals received

May 2021 - Deadline for submission of selected expert research papers

Jun 2021 - Second expert workshop with OECD delegates to discuss and present research papers

Q3 2021 onwards - Development of a toolkit or guidance for Canadian and any other interested competition authorities

Competition and gender links and literature

Shaping the "she-covery": Using gender inclusive competition policy to build back better Link to an external site icon Blog by Chris Pike, OECD on the Level, August 2020

Competition Policy and Gender Link to an external site icon Article by Chris Pike & Estefania Santacreu-Vasut, Concurrences. November 2019

Gender inequality, market distortion and consumer welfare: A call to action for competition authorities Link to an external site icon‌ Article by Sarah Long, Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, May 2019

2019 OECD Conference on Gender Equality in Business, Materials and webcast

Gender and competition: 2018 OECD Global Forum on Competition, Session 2, Materials and webcast

Gender, competition policy and the GUDP (Grossly Undervalued Domestic Product) Link to an external site icon‌ Intervention by Sarah Long at the Chillin Competition Conference, November 2018

Competition policy and gender, OECD Background paper on Competition Policy and Gender, by Chris Pike & Estefania Santacreu-Vasut, September 2018

The effects of market power on women and people of color Link to an external site icon by Nell Abernathy, presentation to the Congressional Antitrust Caucus, March 2018

What’s gender got to do with competition policy,‌ Blog by Chris Pike, OECD on the Level, March 2018

How monopolies make gender inequality worse Link to an external site icon‌ Article by Sally Hubbard, Forbes magazine, December 2017




Estefania Santacreu-Vasut and Chris Pike on their joint 2018 background paper




Stay updated!
Join our LinkedIn group to see
shared materials with 
recent work on the topic.


Leila Wright on promising avenues for action and research

Matthew Boswell on steps taken by the Government of Canada to promote gender equality



Webcast of Session 2 of 2018 Global forum on competition 


For more information on this project or the call don't hesitate to write us at or contact

Lynn Robertson

Lynn Robertson

Chris Pike

Chris Pike

Other links

OECD gender data portal

OECD competition home page


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