Competition enforcement practices

What's new

  • Forthcoming roundtable discussions

    Forthcoming roundtable topics include: Algorithms and Collusion, Multi-sided Markets, Innovation in the Electricity Sector, Market Studies and Aftermarkets.

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  • More OECD work on Competition

    Main areas of work include: Digital Economy and Innovation, Market Studies, International Co-operation, Evaluation of Competition Interventions, Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement and Competition Assessment.

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  • Inventory of international co-operation MOUs

    This inventory covers over 140 co-operation MoUs between competition agencies where at least one of the signatories is a competition authority of an OECD Member, Associate or Participant to the OECD Competition Committee, or the European Union.

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Effective competition policy requires effective and efficient application of competition law and economics. Much of the work carried out by the OECD focuses on the background and framework of competition policy, and how competition authorities can learn from each other and from academic work to improve their effectiveness.


Processes and economic analysis: key to effective competition policy

Good processes are essential: a fair, predictable and transparent process bolsters the legitimacy of a competition authority’s actions.  Whatever the legal framework, consistency, predictability and fairness in decision-making processes can be fostered by transparency about legal standards, agency policies, practices and procedures as well as the judicial review process.

Good economic analysis is also necessary.  Any assessment of competition, whether carried out for law enforcement or wider policy purposes, will require a sound understanding of economic principles, and based on careful analysis of the evidence, possibly including statistical and other techniques for the analysis of data.  This analysis need not be sophisticated, but all competition professionals need to be prepared to consider and use sophisticated econometric or other techniques where needed, or to respond to evidence of this sort presented by interested parties.


Applying competition policy: the OECD as a forum for exchange of experiences

Applied competition policy therefore requires practitioners to stay in touch with best practices from their peers and from applied academic studies.  The OECD provides a forum for such best practices to be identified, debated and published and – where relevant – codified in the form of Recommendations to its member states.


List of all best practice roundtable relases on enforcement


Latest roundtables on enforcement

Algorithms and collusion, 2017

Competition Issues in Aftermarkets, 2017

Market study methodologies for competition authorities, 2017

Multi-sided markets: rethinking the Use of Traditional Antitrust Enforcement Tools, 2017

Agency decision-making in merger cases: Prohibition and conditional clearances, 2016

Big data: Bringing competition policy to the digital era, 2016

Price discrimination, 2016

Geographic market definition across national borders, 2016

The role of market studies as a tool to promote competition, 2016

Independence of competition authorities - from designs to practices, 2016

Ssanctions in antitrust cases, 2016

Commitment Decisions in Antitrust Cases, 2016

Public interest considerations in merger control, 2016

Jurisdictional nexus in merger control regimes, 2016

Competitive Neutrality, 2015

Public and Private Antitrust Enforcement in Competition, 2015

Intellectual Property and Standard Setting, 2014

Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities, 2014

Competition and the use of markers in leniency programmes, 2014

OECD inventory of international co-operation agreements on competition, 2014

Enhanced Enforcement Co-operation, 2014


Indicators of Product Market Regulation (PMR) 

2009 Recommendation on Competition Assessment

2005 Guiding Principles for Regulatory Quality and Performance


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