Competition

Implications of E-commerce for Competition Policy

 

E-commerce has changed not merely how consumers shop, but also the range of providers from which consumers can buy products and services. The growth of e-commerce has the potential to increase competition within retail markets, to greatly enhance consumer choice, and to prompt and facilitate innovation in product distribution. 

However, recent enforcement and advocacy work of a number of competition authorities has showed potential for anti-competitive behaviour to occur within the online environment. Fears regarding potential market segmentation are therefore a notable concern within a number of agencies which have examined the issue of competition within the e-commerce sector. Other questions are also often raised with regards to the market definition in the e-commerce sphere, vertical and horizontal restrictions, unilateral conduct with the internet of things and merger controls.


In June 2018, the OECD held a roundtable discussion to explore the growing phenomenon of e-commerce in terms of its implications for competition law and policy within the OECD. The discussion also tackled competitive dynamics and recurrent competition problems within e-commerce markets, and considered likely future competition issues that may emerge within this rapidly expanding and highly innovative sector.

All related materials can be found on this page. 

» Read the OECD background note 

» Voir la note de référence de l'OCDE

Access the full list of Competition Policy Roundtables.

 

Invited speakers information and key papers

Pinar AKMAN [Bio]  
Professor University of Leeds, United Kingdom presenting A Competition Law Assessment Of Platform Most-Favored-Customer Clauses Link to an external site icon

Avantika CHOWDHURY [Bio]  
Partner, Oxera

Lars KJOLBYE [Bio]  ‌
Partner, Latham & Watkins LLP  

 

» OECD Background Note • Note de référence de l'OCDE

» Summary of Contributions

Australia

BEUC

BIAC

Brazil

Chinese Taipei

Colombia

Consumers International

Croatia

EU

France ENGFR

Germany

India

Israel

Italy 

Japan

Korea

Lithuania

Mexico

Netherlands

Romania

Russia

Singapore

Spain

Sweden

United Kingdom

United States

 

Most-favoured-consumer-clauses and why they
may cause concerns for competition

The role of data as a potential barrier to entry 

How technology is changing the relationship
between businesses and consumers

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About the discussion

PRESENTATIONS  

 

RELATED BEST PRACTICE ROUNDTABLES

Competition issues in electronic commerce (2000)

Rethinking the use of traditional antitrust enforcement tools in multi-sided markets (2017)

Algorithms and collusion (2017)

Big data: Bringing competition policy to the digital era (2016)

Competition and cross platform parity agreements (2015)

Disruptive innovations and their effect on competition (2015)

Vertical Restraints for On-line Sales (2013)

The Digital Economy (2012) 

 RELATED TOPICS

Cartels and anti-competitive agreements

International co-operation in competition

Abuse of dominance

Competition enforcement practices

Pro-competitive policy reforms

Access the full list of Competition Policy Roundtables

Link to the  OECD Competition Home Page  

 

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