Competition Assessment Toolkit


‌Increased competition can improve a country’s economic performance, open business opportunities to its citizens and reduce the cost of goods and services throughout the economy. But numerous laws and regulations restrict competition in the marketplace. Many go further than necessary to achieve their policy objectives.

The OECD's Competition Assessment Toolkit helps governments to eliminate barriers to competition by providing a method for identifying unnecessary restraints on market activities and developing alternative, less restrictive measures that still achieve government policy objectives.


Romania, Greece and Mexico have identified regulatory contraints on competition in specific sectors. Read more about their experiences:  Romania | Greece | Mexico


Text of the Toolkit

D‌ownload the poster

The Competition Assessment Toolkit was first published in 2007 in two volumes, Vol. 1 Principles and Vol. 2 Guidance. In 2010, a revision was published to include additional examples of the benefits of competition and an introduction to the Competition Checklist. In 2015, a third volume - the Operational Manual - was issued to provide a step-by-step guide for performing competition assessment. The operational manual supplements Volumes 1 and 2 and the three volumes jointly constitute the Competition Assessment Toolkit. 

The first two volumes of the toolkit exist in 17 languages. Volume 3, the operational manual, is currently under translation and will become available on this page.

English text of the toolkit

competition assessment toolkit volume 1‌ 

Vol. 1 Principles

Competition Assessment Toolkit Volume 2 cover

Vol. 2 Guidance

Competition Assessment Volume 3 cover 

Vol. 3 Operational Manual

 Other languages

Arabic | العربية

Vol. 1 Principles (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf)

Chinese | 中文 

Vol. 1 Principles (pdf) Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Croatian | Hrvatski 

Vol. 1 Principles (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf)

French | Français

Vol. 1 Principles (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf)

Greek | Ελληνικά 

Vol. 1 Principles  (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Hebrew | עברית

Vol. 1 Principles (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Hungarian | Magyar

Vol.1 Principles (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 
Indonesian | Bahasa Indonesia  Vol. 1 Principles (pdf) Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Italian | Italiano 

Vol. 1 Principles (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Japanese | 日本語 Vol. 1 Principles (pdf) Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf)

Korean | 한국어 

Vol. 1 Principles  (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Portuguese | Português 

Vol. 1 Principles  (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Romanian | Român  Vol. 1 Principles  (pdf) Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 

Russian | Pусско 

Vol. 1 Principles (pdf)

Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 
Spanish | Español  Vol. 1 Principles (pdf)  Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf) 
Turkish | Türkçe Vol. 1 Principles (pdf) Vol. 2 Guidance (pdf)


Using the Toolkit

The Toolkit provides a general methodology for identifying unnecessary regulatory restraints and developing alternative, less restrictive policies that still achieve government objectives.

One of the main elements of the Toolkit is a Competition Checklist that asks a series of simple questions to screen for laws and regulations that have the potential to unnecessarily restrain competition. This screen focuses limited government resources on the areas where competition assessment is most needed.

The materials can be used by governments in three main ways:

  • By government bodies engaged in development and review of policies, such as the competition authority in its evaluation of competitive impacts of regulations or by ministries that develop laws.
  • In an overall evaluation of existing laws and regulation (in the economy as a whole or in specific sectors).
  • In the evaluation of draft new laws and regulations (for example, through regulatory impact assessment programs at the centre of government).

The Toolkit is designed for use in a decentralised fashion across government at both national and sub-national levels. The reason for designing the materials with this flexibility is that restrictions on competition can be implemented at many different levels of government and competition assessment can be helpful at all these levels.

The Toolkit materials designed for use by officials with no specialised economics or competition policy training. Institutionally, potential users could include ministries, legislatures, offices of government leaders, state governments and outside evaluators of policy. The materials were developed with the active participation of many OECD delegations.

Comments on the Toolkit are welcome in order to prepare for future revisions. They can be sent to:

Links and documents

Experiences with Competition Assessment 2014: Report on the Implementation of the 2009 OECD Recommendation

OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment


Competition Assessment Toolkit (Brochure)

Documents related to Competition Assessment

 » Competition Home Page

Topics Key materials, Tools & Guidance Global Relations
Abuse of dominance & monopolisation International co-operation

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Competition assessment toolkit

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Fighting bid rigging in public procurement 


Reports by the Competition Committee

Reports by competition agencies

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About global relations

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Global Forum on Competition

Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum 

Cartels & anti-competitive agreements Liberalisation & intervention in regulated sectors
Enforcement practices Mergers
Evaluation of competition interventions     Pro-competitive policy reforms

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