Bribery in international business

OECD Anti-Bribery Convention: National Implementing Legislation

 

This page offers direct links to the implementing legislation of the Parties to the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions. Most of the implementing legislations are available in English. Translations in French and text in the original language may also be available, depending on the country. The links to many government Web sites are also provided.

 

Australia

The Criminal Code Amendment (Bribery of Foreign Public Officials) Bill 1999 and the Explanatory Memorandum to the Bill are available in pdf format.

The Government response (tabled in the Senate on 11 March 1999) to the Treaties Committee Report on the OECD Convention and the Draft Implementing Legislation may be found on the Internet at the Senate Hansard address (select 11 March 1999 and go to p.2774).

Austria

English translations of relevant legislation are included in an Annex to the Phase 2 Report on Austria.

The relevant Austrian implementing legislation (Strafrechtsänderungsgesetz 1998 BGBl No. I 153) can be downloaded in German from the Legal Information System of the Government of Austria (RIS).

Belgium

The text of the law passed on 10 February 1999 is available in Dutch, French and German on the site of the Moniteur belge (to find the text, choose the Moniteur published on 23.03.1999).

Brazil

The implementing legislation, Law No. 10,467 amending the Brazilian Penal Code and Law No. 9,613, entered into force on 11 June 2002. It is available in Portuguese on the following website http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/2002/L10467.htm#art2. It can be downloaded in pdf format in Portuguese  and English .

The Brazilian Penal Code is available in Portuguese on the following webpage http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/Decreto-Lei/Del2848.htm and the law No. 9,613 relating to money laundering and the concealment of assets on the page http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/L9613.htm.

Bulgaria

The offence of bribery of foreign public officials is set forth in the Bulgarian Penal Code. Texts of the provisions related to  the term “foreign public official” and to the punishment of foreign bribery are under section 93 para.15 and section 304(3), respectively. The latest versions of these articles (as amended on 13 September 2002, law published in the “State Gazette” №92 of 27 September 2002)  are available here in English (unofficial translation provided by the Bulgarian Ministry of Justice).

Canada

Visit the site of the Department of Justice / Ministère de la Justice or go directly to the Act concerning the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials (Bill S-21). Bill S-21 can also be downloaded in English in pdf format.

Chile

The implementing legislation, Law No. 19,829 amending the Chilean Criminal Code, entered into force on 8 October 2002.  It is available in Spanish on the following website http://www.anfitrion.cl/actualidad/20ulle/02100819829.html or can be downloaded in pdf format in Spanish  and English (extracts only).

Colombia

The implementing legislation, Article 433 of the Colombian Penal Code, as amended by the new Anti-Corruption Statute (Law No. 1474 of 2011), entered into force on July 12, 2011. It is available in Spanish on the following website http://www.secretariasenado.gov.co/senado/basedoc/ley/2000/ley_0599_2000_pr016.html#433 or an extract can be downloaded in pdf format in English.

The Colombian Law No. 1474 of 2011 is available in English (pdf).

Czech Republic

The Czech implementing legislation entered into force on 9 June 1999 and is available in Czech. It amended the Czech Criminal Code. Extracts from the Czech Criminal Code are available in English.

Denmark

Link to the site of the Department of Justice or go straight to the text of the implementing legislation in Danish. Excerpts from Danish legislation translated into English are also available.

Estonia

The offence of bribery of foreign public officials is set forth in the Estonian Penal Code available in English and Estonian. The offence of "giving a bribe" and "granting a gratuity" are set in articles 298 and 297, and the definition of "officials" (including officials in foreign countries) is set in article 288. The latest version of these articles entered into force on 1 July 2004. Other relevant laws can be found on the Estonian legal language centre in English and Estonian.

 

Finland

Excerpts of amendments to the Finnish Penal Code from the Ministry of Justice of Finland have been translated into English and are available in pdf format. Otherwise, link to the website of the Finnish Government or FINLEX, the web-based legal resource centre of the Finnish Ministry of Justice, where the implementing legislation can be found in Finnish and Swedish.

France

Law no. 2000-595 of 30 June 2000 modifying the penal code and procedure, available in French only.

Law no. 2007-1598 of 13 November 2007 on the fight against corruption introduces amends to the Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code in order to implement the UN and the Council of Europe Conventions against corruption. It has not been reviewed by the OECD Working Group.

Relevant provisions of the Penal Code and Penal Procedure Code are available on Legifrance in English, French and Spanish.  See articles 435-2 to 435-6.

 

Germany

The implementing legislation dated 10 September 1998 is available in German and English (unofficial translation) in pdf format. Also available in pdf format are excerpts from the Criminal Code of the Federal Republic of Germany" (StGB=Strafgesetzbuch der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) in German and English (unofficial translation); and the Administrative Offence Act of the Federal Republic of Germany (OwiG=Ordnungswidrigkeitsgesetz der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) in German and English (unofficial translation).

Greece

The implementing legislation, dated 11 November 1998 and which came into force on 1 December 1998, is available in French (unofficial translation) in pdf format.

The Greek law No. 2331 on money laundering of August 1995 is available in English in pdf format.

Hungary

English translations of relevant legislation are included in an Annex to the Phase 2 report on Hungary.

Iceland

The implementing legislation, Act No.147/1998 amending the General Penal Code, entered into force on 22 December 1998. An English translation of the 1998 version of the relevant articles of the Penal Code is available in pdf format.
2003 amendments to Sections 109 and 128 of the General Penal Code, in English and pdf format.
The updated versions of the General Penal Code and other relevant laws are available in English on the website of the Ministry of Justice.

Ireland

The Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act (2001, no. 27 of 2001) and the relevant discussions in Parliament are available in English.

Israel

The English translation of the Israeli Penal Law 5737 - 1977 (6th Edition) is available in pdf format.

Italy

The implementing legislation (Law of 29 September n. 300, published in Ordinary Supplement 176-L to the Official Journal of 25 October 2000 n. 250) is available in English in pdf format.

The Italian Law on liability of legal persons (Legislative Decree 231/2001 of 8 June 2010) is also available in English in pdf format.

Japan

The implementing legislation (the amended Unfair Competition Prevention Law) adopted on 18 September 1998 is available in English (unofficial translation) in pdf format.
2001 Amendments  deleting the provision on the main office exception and modifying the definition of foreign public officials (entered into force on 25 December 2001).
2004 Amendment  introducing nationality jurisdiction (entered into force on 1 January 2005).
2005 Amendment strengthening the sanctions for natural persons convicted of bribery of foreign public officials, and consequently extending the statute of limitations for the prosecution of natural persons (entered into force on 1 November 2005).

Korea

The English translation of the Act on Preventing Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions , which entered into force on 15 February 1999, is available in pdf format.

Luxembourg

The implementing legislation of 15 January 2001 is available in pdf format (Official title: Loi du 15 janvier 2001 portant approbation de la Convention de l 'OCDE du 21 novembre 1997 sur la lutte contre la corruption d'agents publics étrangers dans les transactions commerciales internationales et relatif aux détournements, aux destructions d'actes et de titres, à la concussion, à la prise illégale d'intérêts, à la corruption et portant modification d'autres dispositions légales).

Mexico

The Mexican Federal Penal Code is available in Spanish (regularly updated) and the extracts of the Mexican Criminal Code are available in Spanish in pdf format (as of June 2009).

Netherlands

The law ratifying the OECD Bribery Convention in English (unofficial translation provided by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs) and in Dutch and the law implementing the OECD Bribery Convention in English (unofficial translation provided by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs) and in Dutch are available in pdf format.

New Zealand

English translations of relevant legislation are included in an Annex to the Phase 2 report on New Zealand.

The relevant implementing legislation and the Crimes (Bribery of Foreign Public Officials) Amendment Act 2001 are available in pdf format.

Norway

The first implementing legislation entered into force in 1999.  A complete reform of the offences on corruption and bribery took place in 2003.

The 2003 Act amending the Penal Code is available in English (unofficial translation provided by the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police http://odin.dep.no/jd/). It repealed the previous provisions and introduced the new articles 276a and 276b to the Penal Code.

Poland

The implementing legislation of 9 September 2000 on the amendments to the Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Act on Combating Unfair Competition, the Act on Public Orders and the Banking Law entered into force on 4 February 2001. It can be downloaded in pdf format in in English and Polish.

Article 229 on the offence of bribery of foreign public officials has been subsequently amended by the Law of 13 June 2003. This law is available in Polish and relevant extracts in English.
The full Penal Code is available in Polish on the website of the Parliament.

In 2002, Poland introduced a new Law on Liability of Collective Entities for Acts Prohibited under Penalty (entered into force on 28 November 2003, and subsequently amended in 2005). The law, as amended in 2005, is available in English.

Portugal

The implementing legislation, Law no. 13/2001  of 4 June 2001 amending the Decree-Law 28/84 of 20 January 1984 on offences against the national economy and public health and the Decree-Law are available in English in pdf format. The Law no. 13/2001 is available in Portuguese on the website of the judicial police.

Furthermore, the Law no. 108/2001 of 28 November 2001, amending the rules governing the offence of trading in influence and corruption of the Penal Code and the Law no. 34/87, extends the scope of the definition of domestic public officials to include certain foreign public officials. It is available in Portuguese and French.

Slovak Republic 

The main provisions implementing the OECD Bribery Convention can be found in the Criminal Code of the Slovak Republic, of which the relevant extracts  are available in English in pdf format.

Slovenia

The offence of bribery of foreign public officials is set forth in the Slovenian Penal Code available in English in pdf format. The offence of  "giving a bribe" is set in article 268 and the definition of "officials" (including foreign officials) is set in article 126. The offence of bribery of foreign public officials was introduced in 1999 and subsequently amended in 2004.

South Africa

The South African legislation on bribery of foreign public officials is available in English, in pdf. 

Spain

The Spanish implementing legislation, Ley orgánica 3/2000, de 11 de enero, de modificación del Código Penal, en materia de lucha contra la corrupción de agentes públicos extranjeros en las transacciones comerciales internacionales, is available in Spanish and English in pdf format.

The Spanish Penal Code is available on the website of the Ministry of Public Administration in a regularly updated version in Spanish.

Relevant extracts of the Penal Code and other relevant legislation in English is included in an Annex to the Phase 2 report on Spain.

Sweden

The 1999 implementing legislation amending the Penal Code, entered into force on 1 July 1999, is available in pdf format in Swedish implementing legislation . The text of the full Penal Code as of 1999 is available in English on the website of the Ministry of Justice.

The provisions on bribery have been amended as of 1 July 2004.

The text of the provisions as amended is available in pdf format in English and Swedish. The text of the preparatory works is available in Swedish on the website of the Swedish Parliament.

Switzerland

The implementing legislation, Law of 22 December 1999 amending the Swiss Penal Code, is available in French, German and Italian in pdf format.

The governmental report on the modification of the Swiss Penal Code and the Amendments to the Swiss Penal Code are available in French in pdf format.

The updated Swiss Penal Code can be found on the website of the Recueil Systématique du Droit Fédéral (available in French, German and Italian).

Turkey

The implementing legislation, Law No. 4782 amending the Turkish Criminal Code, entered into force on 11 January 2003 (Official Gazette No: 24990).  It can be downloaded in pdf format in in TurkishEnglish and French.

United Kingdom

In December 2001 the UK enacted the Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001, 2001 Chapter 24 (the "2001 Act"). Part 12 of the 2001 Act imports a “foreign” element into the offences of domestic bribery under the Prevention of Corruption Act 1906 and the common law, and establishes nationality jurisdiction for these offences.

Part 3 of the 2001 Act contains a provision lifting restrictions on the sharing of information by tax and customs authorities in order to facilitate criminal investigations or proceedings.

The Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 and the corresponding explanatory notes are available on the Government's website.

The UK government has also engaged in an extensive consultation process with regard to proposed new legislation on foreign bribery. A Draft Corruption Bill was presented to Parliament in March 2003 (see http://www.official-documents.co.uk/document/cm57/5777/5777.pdf). The Draft Corruption Bill was then referred to a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) which produced its report on 17 July 2003 (see http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/notes/snpc-02059.pdf). The UK government replied to the JPC’s report in December 2003 (see http://www.official-documents.co.uk/document/cm60/6086/6086.pdf).

United States

US Department of Justice webpage on the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act provides the text of the statute.

You can also visit the US Office of the Chief Counsel for International Commerce within the Department of Commerce.

 

 

 

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