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Bribery in international business

Anti-bribery thematic reports

 

The OECD series of anti-bribery thematic reports apply the expertise and experience of the OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions in implementing anti-bribery measures to analyses of the methods and patterns used in corruption cases. These reports can be used by researchers, governments, law enforcement authorities and international organisations to review bribery patterns and to improve the effectiveness of current anti-bribery policies and measures.

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Corporate Anti-Corruption Compliance Drivers, Mechanisms, and Ideas for Change

September 2020  

This study looks at why companies adopt anti-corruption compliance mechanisms, with an eye towards encouraging more companies (including small- and medium-sized enterprises) to adopt such measures. It also informs policy-making on how to incentivise anti-corruption compliance. This study forms part of a three-part project on corporate anti-corruption measures to support sustainable business, prepared with the support of the Government of Sweden.

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Tackling Bribe Solicitation with the High-Level Reporting Mechanism for Preventing Bribery

September 2020  

This study reveals the essential ingredients for a successful High-Level Reporting Mechanism (HLRM). It analyses existing HLRMs to identify good practices, with a view to providing insights useful to countries that are considering developing their own version of this mechanism or, more generally, developing Collective Action to fight corruption. This study forms part of a three-part project on corporate anti-corruption measures to support sustainable business, prepared with the support of the Government of Sweden.

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Foreign Bribery and the Role of Intermediaries, Managers, and Gender

September 2020  

This study analyses newly available data on two aspects of foreign bribery schemes that are key for the private sector: the use of intermediaries and the status of individuals involved in bribery committed by corporate entities. This study also takes a first look at the merits of applying a gender lens to the collection of data relating to cases of foreign bribery. This study forms part of a three-part project on corporate anti-corruption measures to support sustainable business, prepared with the support of the Government of Sweden.

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Foreign Bribery Enforcement: What happens to public officials on the receiving end?

December 2018

This study explores whether there is a "flip side" to enforcement actions that ended in sanctions for the supply-side of a foreign bribery transaction.  It focuses on what happened on the receiving end of this transaction. That is to say, were the public officials in the demand-side country also sanctioned or otherwise disciplined? 

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The Detection of Foreign Bribery

December 2017


This study looks at the primary sources of detection for the foreign bribery offence and the role that certain public agencies and private sector actors can play in uncovering this crime. It examines the practices developed in different sectors and countries which have led to the successful detection of foreign bribery with a view to sharing good practices and improving countries’ capacity to detect and ultimately step-up efforts against transnational bribery.

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Liability of Legal Persons for Foreign Bribery: A Stocktaking Report

December 2016

This stocktaking report first presents a chronology of how systems for the liability of legal persons have evolved among the Parties to the Anti-Bribery Convention. It then presents a “mapping” of the features of these systems for the Parties.

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Typology on Mutual Legal Assistance in Foreign Bribery Cases - cover page 200 x 284

Typology on Mutual Legal Assistance in Foreign Bribery Cases 

December 2012

This study focuses on the challenges that arise in providing and obtaining mutual legal assistance (MLA) in foreign bribery cases. Because these cases take place across borders, effective MLA between countries is crucial for the successful investigation, prosecution and sanctioning of this crime. Building on the experience of law enforcement officials and MLA experts, this study offers guidance on how to overcome many of the challenges associated with MLA and identifies some best practices to help avoid obstacles in the future.

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Identification and Quantification of the Proceeds of Bribery

Identification and Quantification of the Proceeds of Bribery: A joint OECD-StAR analysis

March 2012

This study focuses on the identification and quantification of the proceeds of active bribery in international business transactions. Public and private organisations alike have long recognised that bribery of public officials is harmful to good governance, economic development and competitive conditions. Confiscation and recovery of the proceeds derived from foreign bribery are key elements in the international framework to fight corruption of public officials.

English

 

French

 

Typologies on the Role of Intermediaries in International Business Transactions

Typologies on the Role of Intermediaries in International Business Transactions

October 2009

Intermediaries fulfil a key role in international business transactions. While many of them perform lawful tasks, many also engage in bribery of foreign public officials. This report focuses on the use of intermediaries in cases of bribery of foreign public officials.

English

 

French

 

Spanish

Bribery in Public Procurement: Methods, Actors and Counter-Measures

Bribery in Public Procurement: Methods, Actors and Counter-Measures

May 2007

This report throws light on the shadowy mechanisms and patterns of bribery in public procurement, and offers insider expertise that governments and international organisations can use to improve their anti-corruption policies.

English

 

 

 

 

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