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The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) consist of 8 goals and 18 targets to be achieved by 2015, agreed by 23 international organisations and 192 countries. These include reducing extreme poverty, reducing child mortality rates, fighting disease epidemics, and building a global partnership for development.
As early as 1996, in its strategy paper Shaping the 21st Century (pdf, 104.2kB), the OECD pioneered a set of concrete development objectives that could be measured and monitored over time. The OECD also proposed a global development partnership effort to achieve ambitious yet realistic goals.
Unprecedented international concensus culminated in 2000 with the first inter-agency blueprint, A Better World for All, and the adoption by the UN General Assembly of the Millennium Declaration.
Since 2000, the OECD has played a key role in work to track progress on the MDGs. It was a founding member of the Inter-Agency Expert Group that tested and refined the MDG indicators, and has contributed to the UN’s annual MDG progress reports and the MDG “gap” reports devoted to Goal 8, which tracks global partnership efforts in support of the MDGs. A vital part of this work has been to supply statistics and commentary on aid flows.
The OECD's work is intrinsically linked to supporting the MDG effort, specifically through work related to financing the MDGs, building a global partnership for development, and supporting strategic areas contributing to progress in the MDGs.
Official development assistance (ODA) is a necessary and complementary source of finance for development: over the past decade, ODA from donors in the OECD's Development Assistance Committee has been on an overall rise. A changing international landscape - including emerging donors, philanthropic organisations, special purpose funding initiatives, innovative financing instruments and sovereign wealth funds - has created new sources of development finance and new challenges to understanding the patterns and systems of aid flows.
The OECD works to:
In a complex and changing international aid system, the development community needs to work together in partnership to achieve the MDGs – a priority outlined in MDG 8.
The OECD is building partnerships that are broader and more inclusive to drive the international agenda across a range of development issues.
The MDGs can be achieved by 2015, with accelerated development policy implementation and intensified investment in targeted areas by all development actors. The OECD is committed to working with a range of partners to catalyse political will, distil and promote international best practice and support effective policy implementation in strategic MDG-related sectors.
The work of the OECD aims to achieve the MDGs across the board. A set of key actions can accelerate progress:
The OECD Development Assistance Committee's Development Co-operation Report
The OECD Observer: Articles on development and the MDGs
PARIS21: A Better World for All
UNDP: UNDP work on the MDGs
United Nations: Official MDG website
United Nations: The United Nations Millennium Project
United Nations: The United Nations site for MDG Indicators
World Bank: Data on the MDGs (including the Global Monitoring Report)
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