The set of aid effectiveness principles elaborated in the Paris Declaration (2005) and Accra Agenda for Action (2008) have helped transform aid relationships between donors and partners into true catalysts for development co-operation.
A on the occasion of the Fourth High Level Forum (HLF-4, 29 November-1 December 2011), over 3000 delegates met to review progress on implementing the principles of the Paris Declaration and discuss how to maintain the relevance of the aid effectiveness agenda in the context of the evolving development landscape. The forum culminated in the signing of the Busan Partnership - marking a critical turning point in development co-operation.
At any one time, the world's donor agencies carry out more than 700 strategic and thematic evaluations of their work. Our Network on Development Evaluation sets standards, shares experiences and facilitates joint evaluations and collaboration to improve the quality of these evaluations. The Evaluation Resource Centre (DEReC) - a free online database - contains more than 2 500 evaluations - with 30 added each month - all searchable by country, topic and donor.
Donors invest an estimated USD15 billion annually in capacity building - an essential ingredient for sustainable solutions. Yet several studies have found that initiatives such as training are failing to do the job properly. Our Capacity Development team draws on best practice to establish common principles and works with DCD's various teams to ensure that capacity building is integrated as effectively as possible in development programmes.
DAC members regularly review each other's aid systems, approaches and co-operation. From these reviews, we have identified 12 lessons to ensure that agencies in charge of development co-operation can manage aid more effectively. We support and facilitate DAC members' peer review process and provide recommendations on how each reviewed country can improve or accelerate its efforts to reach its development targets. Each year, five to six DAC countries are reviewed, and each of the 24 DAC countries is assessed approximately every four years.
Although the proportion of untied aid has increased dramatically among DAC donor countries - from 46-82% between 1999-2001 and 2008 - today many non-DAC countries that are contributing to international development still use tied aid. Untying aid - removing the legal and regulatory barriers to open competition for aid-funded procurement - not only reduces transaction costs, but also helps donors to align their aid programmes with the objectives and financial management systems of recipient countries.