In 2014, total net Official Development Assistance (ODA) of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reached USD 5.1 billion, representing a decrease in real terms of 6% over 2013. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI also fell in 2014 to 1.26%, down from 1.34% in 2013. Preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 4.4 billion in 2015 (1.09% of GNI). The UAE’s exceptional support to Egypt decreased from USD 4.6 billion in 2013 to USD 3.2 billion in 2014, which explains the decrease in total ODA. The UAE nevertheless remained well above the United Nations’ ODA/GNI target for economically advanced countries of 0.7%.
The Ministry of International Co-operation and Development, created in 2013, maintains overall responsibility for setting policy, geographical and sectoral priorities, identifying modalities and mechanisms for foreign aid distribution and implementation and documenting aid flows. It is currently developing a strategy for the UAE’s development co-operation.
In 2014, the UAE provided its bilateral co-operation mostly to Egypt, followed by Jordan, Morocco, the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The main sectors of the UAE’s bilateral commitments were agriculture, urban management and development and humanitarian assistance. The UAE provides its bilateral programme mostly in the form of grants.
Multilateral ODA accounted for 3% of the country’s total ODA in 2014, provided primarily through the Islamic Development Bank (24%), the United Nations (17%) and other, mostly Arab, multilateral organisations.
[i] As a Participant, the UAE can take part in all non-confidential meetings of the DAC, including its High-Level and Senior-Level Meetings, and the meetings of the DAC subsidiary bodies. However, the UAE does not take part in formal decision-making processes and cannot serve as Chair or Vice-Chair of the DAC or its sub-committees.