In 2013, Israel’s net ODA amounted to USD 202 million, representing an increase of 2% in real terms over 2012. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI remained stable at 0.07%.
In 2013, Israel provided its bilateral development co-operation mostly to Jordan and the West Bank and Gaza Strip. It supported Syrian refugees, especially through the provision of medical services. The main sectors of Israel’s bilateral development co-operation are water resources management, desert agriculture and combating desertification, early childhood education, rural and community development, emergency and disaster medicine, public health and women’s empowerment. Israel provides its bilateral development co-operation mostly in the form of technical co-operation projects and capacity building, provided both in Israel and in developing countries.
Israel’s Agency for International Development Co-operation (MASHAV), a division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is in charge of planning, implementing and co-ordinating Israel’s development co-operation.
Israel is also engaged in triangular co-operation, sharing its experience with other countries. It partners with several international organisations (e.g. United Nations Development Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization and World Food Programme) and Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members (e.g. Canada, France, Germany, Italy and the United States) to support developing countries in areas in which it has a comparative advantage.
Multilateral ODA accounted for USD 16 million in 2013, representing 8% of Israel’s total ODA and provided primarily through the United Nations (accounting for 62% of its multilateral ODA in 2013) as well as through the World Bank Group and some regional development banks.
Israel, which joined the OECD in 2010, is an observer to the DAC.