In 2014, Estonia’s net ODA amounted to USD 38 million, representing an increase of 20% in real terms over 2013. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI also rose, from 0.13% to 0.14%. Preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 33 million in 2015 (15% of GNI).
Estonia’s development co-operation is provided in line with its Strategy for Estonian Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid. A new strategy for the period 2016-20 was approved in 2015. This strategy contains detailed provisions concerning the goals and objectives of Estonia’s development co-operation, its sectoral and geographical priorities, as well as its estimated financial allocations of ODA. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the key institution responsible for managing and co-ordinating Estonia’s development co-operation.
In 2014, Estonia provided its bilateral development co-operation mostly to Afghanistan, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Syrian Arab Republic and West Bank and Gaza Strip, often in the form of small-scale technical co-operation projects. The main sectors of Estonia’s bilateral development co‑operation were governance and civil society, humanitarian aid, education and economic infrastructure and services. Cross-cutting themes in Estonia’s development co-operation are the rights of women and children, information and communication technologies, and transparency and democratic participation.
Multilateral ODA accounted for 60% of Estonia’s total ODA in 2014, provided primarily through the European Union (accounting for 72% of its multilateral ODA in 2014), as well as through the World Bank, the United Nations and other multilateral organisations.
Estonia, which joined the OECD in 2010, is an observer to the Development Assistance Committee (DAC).