In 2013, Estonia’s net ODA amounted to USD 31 million, representing an increase of 23% in real terms over 2012. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI also rose, from 0.11% to 0.13%.
Estonia’s development co-operation is provided in line with its second Development Co-operation Strategy, which was set for the period of 2011-15. This strategy contains detailed provisions concerning the goals and objectives of Estonia’s development co-operation, its sectoral and geographical priorities, as well as its financial allocations of ODA. Estonia’s priorities for its co-operation with Georgia and Moldova are set out in country strategy papers. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the key institution responsible for managing and co-ordinating Estonia’s development co-operation.
In 2013, Estonia provided its bilateral development co-operation mostly to Afghanistan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, often in the form of small-scale technical co-operation projects. Its bilateral development co-operation covers civil society, good governance, health, education and sustainable economic growth. Cross-cutting themes in Estonia’s development co-operation are the rights of women and children and information technology (including e-governance).
Multilateral ODA accounted for 63% of Estonia’s total ODA in 2013, provided primarily through the European Union (accounting for 81% of its multilateral ODA in 2013), as well as through the United Nations and the World Bank Group.
Estonia, which joined the OECD in 2010, is an observer to the Development Assistance Committee (DAC).