Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)

Publications series: Better Aid


Better Aid consists of key reference publications on development co-operation, prepared by the OECD Development Assistance Committee. The series concentrates on the effort by both donor and recipient countries of realising their Paris Declaration commitments.



Aid Effectiveness in the Health Sector : Progress and Lessons

This report synthesises the findings and lessons learned about aid effectiveness from the health sector. Progress and Challenges in Aid Effectiveness focusses on progress in implementing the Paris Declaration principles and on the contribution of aid effectiveness in achieving better results in health, with an analysis of the role of China, Brazil, India and Russia in the health sector in partner countries and the role of aid in supporting the effective contribution of the private sector in the sub-Saharan African health sector. Lessons from the health sector can be widely shared with a view to fostering progress in aid and development policies beyond the health sector itself.

Aid Effectiveness 2011: Progress in Implementing the Paris Declaration When developed and developing countries committed themselves to the 2005 Paris Declaration principles for achieving more effective aid, they agreed not only to a set of principles, but also to meeting a set of measurable targets by 2010. This is an important feature of the Paris Declaration, providing a tool for  donors and developing countries to hold each other to account. 

Evaluation in Development Agencies

The evaluation of official development programmes has grown tremendously over the past two decades; the public and taxpayers increasingly demand credible assessments of whether aid “works” to improve the lives of the world’s poorest.

In this context, this study describes the role and management of evaluation in development agencies and multilateral banks and identifies major trends and current challenges in development evaluation.

This study is part of the DAC Network on Development Evaluation’s ongoing efforts to increase the effectiveness of development co-operation policies and programmes by promoting high-quality, independent evaluation. 

Civil Society and Aid Effectiveness: Findings, Recommendations and Good Practice (2010)

In the Accra Agenda for Action (2008), donors and developing country governments commit to deepening their engagement with civil society organisations (CSOs). Better aid requires a broader understanding of the aid effectiveness agenda and a place for CSOs as development actors in their own right and as aid donors, recipients and partners. This book is a resource for implementing the recommendations on civil society and aid effectiveness emerging from the Accra High Level Forum and its preparatory process. These recommendations address a broad community, including developing country governments, donors, and CSOs from developing and developed countries.

Improving Incentives in Donor Agencies: Good Practice and Self-Assessment Tool (2009)  

Under the Paris Declaration, donors and partner countries commit to “reform procedures and strengthen incentives - including for recruitment, appraisal and training - for management and staff to work towards harmonisation, alignment and results”. This commitment was based on the recognition that the needed changes to behaviour will not happen automatically as there are a number of up-front and long-term costs - institutional, financial and political - associated with changing the way donors and partners conduct themselves.

Managing Aid: Practices of DAC Member Countries (2009)

Development co-operation donors are held accountable for the way they manage aid and the development results they achieve. They want to see more partner country ownership and greater use of partner country systems. This book outlines what individual donors are doing to fulfil their development co-operation ambitions and their part of the international agreements – reached in Paris in 2005 (Paris Declaration) and Accra in 2008 (Accra Agenda for Action) – to make aid more effective. 

Managing Development Resources: The Use of Country Systems in Public Financial Management (2009)

Managing Development Resources takes stock of progress in strengthening PFM systems and also provides recommendations on how best to facilitate achieving the 2010 targets set out in the Paris Declaration. Improving the rules and institutions governing these activities should be a major component of any development approach.

For more information on public financial management, please visit


Aid Effectiveness: A Progress Report on Implementing the Paris Declaration (2009) 

This report, prepared by the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness (WP-EFF) for the Third High-Level Forum held in Accra in September 2008, is intended to underpin with evidence-based material the Accra Agenda for Action. It covers the commitments under the five Partnership Principles related to ownership, harmonisation, alignment, results and mutual accountability, together with four subjects of critical relevance: sector perspectives, the role of civil society organisations, situations of fragility and conflict, and the changing aid architecture.

2008 Survey on Monitoring the Paris Declaration: Making Aid More Effective by 2010 (2008)

How effective is aid at helping countries meet their own development objectives? Some of the answers can be found in this survey report which presents the results from the second, follow-up survey on monitoring the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness. It assesses progress in 55 developing countries and analyses the challenges in making aid more effective. The findings are clear: progress is being made, but not fast enough. Unless they seriously gear up their efforts, developing countries and their external partners will not meet their international commitments and targets for effective aid by 2010. Action is needed now. This report makes three high-level policy recommendations that will help accelerate progress and transform the aid relationship into a full partnership.

For more information on the Monitoring Survey of the Paris Declaration, please visit


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