The OECD and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have launched a new initiative to help developing countries bolster domestic revenues by strengthening their tax audit capacities.
To provide advice in implementing the DAC's mandate to modernise development finance, an independent Expert Reference Group(ERG) was constituted to help shape the analytical work done by the DAC Secretariat. The group, comprising 15 senior level experts (ref. Annex 1), met three times on 3-4 October 2013, 23-24 January 2014 and 26-27 June 2014.
This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy (electricity, urban mobility and rural land use).
Outside of countries’ core climate policies, many of the regulatory features of today’s economies have been built around the availability of fossil fuels and without any regard for the greenhouse gas emissions stemming from human activities. This report makes a diagnosis of these contradictions and points to means of solving them to support a more effective transition of all countries to a low-carbon economy.
The Aid for Trade Initiative has allowed for the active engagement of a large number of organisations and agencies in helping developing countries and especially the least developed build the infrastructure and supply-side capacity they need to connect to regional and global markets and improve their trade performance. The new development paradigm under the post-2015 Development Agenda requires an integrated approach to ensure that the aid for trade achievement leads to inclusive and sustainable development outcomes. Embedding trade cost at the centre of the Aid for Trade Initiative provides an operational focal point for such action among a broad collation of stakeholders.
The 2015 joint OECD/WTO publication Aid for Trade at a Glance focusses on how reducing trade costs will help in achieving inclusive and sustainable economic growth. The publication contains contributions from the Enhanced Integrated Framework, the International Trade Centre, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and the World Bank.
The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.
While New Zealand is a comparatively small donor, it boasts an internationally-recognised aid programme with specific understanding of the unique Pacific context. It is seen as a flexible and predictable humanitarian donor.
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A debate on the future of the multilateral aid system in a post-2015 world, between Erik Solheim and Jeffrey Sachs
Note on the treatment of loan concessionality in DAC statistics (valid as of October 2013 database update)
This note describes some of the major implications and opportunities presented by the new agenda, and the implications for the OECD and its Members in policy formulation, implementation, measuring and monitoring. It gives examples of the contributions the OECD could make to support, monitor, and review progress towards the SDGs to 2030 by drawing on a range of existing policy instruments, dialogue platforms and indicators.
DAC statistics are primarily designed to measure donor effort. The following note describes the OECD DAC’s methodology for calculating imputed multilateral flows, that is imputing aid by multilateral bodies back to the funders of these bodies so that total donor outflows that can be assigned to an individual recipient.