OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: United Kingdom 2020
The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts reviews of the individual
development co‑operation efforts of DAC members once every five to six years. DAC
peer reviews critically examine the overall performance of a given member, not just
that of its development co‑operation agency, covering its policy, programmes and systems.
They take an integrated, system‑wide perspective on the development co‑operation activities
of the member under review and its approach to fragility, crisis and humanitarian
assistance. The United Kingdom uses its global standing and convening power to promote
an evidence-based approach to stability, inclusion and prosperity and continues to
provide 0.7% of its national income as Official Development Assistance (ODA). The
depth and breadth of its expertise, combined with flexible funding instruments and
strong country presence, allow the United Kingdom to focus these ODA resources on
developing country needs, while protecting its own longer-term national interests.
Articulating a clear and comprehensive whole-of-government vision for its support
to international development would allow the United Kingdom to reinforce its policy
priorities and engage the public. Further measures to build effective partnerships
and institutional capacity in developing countries would allow the United Kingdom
to build ownership of development processes and contribute to lasting change.
A good practice excerpt from the peer review: What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls: mixing innovation, research and evaluation to improve programming
What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls was a flagship DFID programme (2014-20) that sought to understand and address the underlying causes of gender-based violence, and to stop it from occurring. It included:
Fifteen innovative interventions to prevent Violence against Women and Girls across twelve countries in Africa and Asia with potential to be taken to scale.
Research on what drives violence, what works to prevent it, what makes interventions successful and how they can be replicated and scaled up, including in conflict and humanitarian emergencies. This included impact evaluations of the 15 innovative prevention interventions and studies on the costs and cost effectiveness of violence prevention.
Over half of the pilot programmes set up to build evidence on how to tackle violence in poorer countries helped to reduce levels of physical and sexual violence by 50% in less than two years – showing that behaviour can change in less than a generation if partners invest in prevention approaches that are backed by evidence. In Tajikistan, for instance, levels of violence against women fell from 64% to 34% following 10 weeks of counselling, skills training and mentoring. The percentage of men who said they were violent fell from 47% to 5%. The What Works programme translated research findings into guidance for DFID’s bilateral programmes in partner countries such as Malawi and Zimbabwe. A new phase of the programme (2020-27) is planned to scale-up successful interventions and to further disseminate research findings outside DFID.