Making Poverty Reduction Work: OECD’s Role in Development Partnerships will help to improve the links between policies that need ‘joining up’, like trade, immigration, environment and economic growth.
Policy coherence is a key message to take to the Group of 8 meeting. In just a few weeks, (July 6-8) leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom will face each other on the subject of poverty reduction in Africa.
2005 continues to be the year for development. Bob Geldof has put out a call to people to give their voice rather than money for another Live8 concert planned to coincide with G8. Then in September the world will focus on the United Nations, and once again development will be in the spotlight when world leaders gather in New York to receive their report card on progress – or lack of it – towards the MDGs.
As part of a drive by the world’s richest nations to inject new urgency into development negotiations, OECD Ministers have also agreed a wide-ranging Statement (The OECD Statement on the follow-up to the UN Millennium Declaration and Monterrey Consensus www.oecd.org/development/policycoherence) to send to the United Nations High Level Meeting in September.
OECD Ministers who met in Paris to finalise the statement in May this year, have reaffirmed commitments to significantly increase their aid, and to measure and monitor aid programmes for their effectiveness. Individual countries must deal with corruption and prioritise good governance, said the Ministers. But they also acknowledged their own responsibility to ensure compatibility between their policies and the needs of developing countries. The goal, they said is to reach completion of the Doha Round so that it delivers real benefits to poorer countries.
The OECD is in a unique position to focus on policy coherence across a range of areas including aid, trade, immigration, environment and economic growth, through its extended policy networks in virtually all areas of government policy-making.
This is the OECD leitmotif: Policy design, analysis and bringing member countries together to coordinate work and share best practice. The ‘how to’ takes shape through a variety of ‘soft law’ instruments, policy guidelines, checklists, tools and training materials. All this human resource and knowledge are put at the service of developing countries. In this way, the OECD contributes to poverty reduction at many levels. Now, for the first time in this publication, it is possible to see how these policy areas– from aid to trade – join up at the OECD.