Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) since 1961.
In 2011, Japan’s net ODA amounted to USD 10.6 billion. This was a fall of nearly 11% in real terms from 2010 (although 2010 levels were 12% higher than the previous year). This fall was largely due to the decline in government loans. Japan’s ODA has been suffering from an extended period of stagnation, fluctuating around the USD 10 billion mark between 2006 and 2011.
The ODA to GNI ratio likewise relapsed to 0.18% from 0.2% in the previous year. This level is well below the DAC average of 0.31% and still a long way from the 0.7% UN target. Given the current fiscal and economic difficulties compounded by the devastations from natural disasters, it is unlikely, however, to expect Japan’s ODA spending levels to rise significantly in the coming years.
Key Statistics from the Development Co-operation Report 2012 (DCR)
After years of decline, Japan increased its aid budget in 2008, bringing its official development assistance (ODA) up to USD 9.6 billion or 0.19% of its gross national income (GNI). Preliminary figures indicate, however, a decline in 2009 and Japan is still a long way from meeting the international ODA target of 0.7% of GNI. Japan needs to build on the 2008 increase to make progress towards targets to which it has committed and to regain its former position as a leading donor.
Based on the apparent improvements in economic performance in the main countries receiving Aid for Trade from Japan, the evaluation of Japan's Aid for Trade programmes found that positive conclusions could be reached regarding the effectiveness of the programme implemention. The report did recommend stronger communication of the current significance of Japanese contributions through Aid for Trade to low-income countries in Asia.