In 2013, Japan provided USD 11.8 billion ODA (preliminary data), which represented 0.23% of gross national income (GNI) and a 36.6% increase in real terms from 2012. It is the 4th largest donor of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) in terms of volume. The welcome increase in 2013 follows five years of stagnation. The untied share of Japanese ODA excluding technical co-operation was 86% in 2012. (Japan’s ODA includes a large technical co-operation programme, but Japan does not report its tying status. The share of total Japanese bilateral aid reported as untied was 71% in 2012). The grant element of total ODA was 88.5% in 2012.
Peer review findings
Latest evaluation report
Japan has increased its spending on official development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency. In a new Peer Review of Japan, the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) commended Japan for increasingly exerting global leadership and influence in areas such as disaster risk reduction and universal health coverage.
The annual report on Japan's ODA Evaluation 2013 provides an overview of ODA evaluation trends in Japan and the international community. It introduces the outline of evaluation results conducted in fiscal year 2012 by MOFA, related government ministries and agencies, and JICA, respectively. Chapter 3 contains follow-ups on ODA evaluation results by MOFA in FY2011.