Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) since 1961.
In 2012, Japan’s net ODA amounted to USD 10.49 billion, a 2.1% decrease in real terms from 2011, largely due to a fall in bilateral grants and reduced contributions to international organisations. This reduction was, however, kept at a low level thanks to a 7% increase in bilateral ODA.
While maintaining its position as the fifth largest DAC donor, Japan’s ODA/GNI ratio fell from 0.18% in 2011 to 0.17% in 2012, which is well below the DAC average of 0.29% and still a long way from the 0.7% UN target. The current fiscal and economic difficulties, together with reconstruction spending following the disasters in 2011, have made it increasingly difficult to secure a sustainable increase in the government’s ODA budget. Japan has committed, however, to keep the ODA level stable in dollar terms.
Key Statistics from the Development Co-operation Report 2013 (DCR)
Japan has increased its spending on official development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency. In a new Peer Review of Japan, the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) commended Japan for increasingly exerting global leadership and influence in areas such as disaster risk reduction and universal health coverage.
The annual report on Japan's ODA Evaluation 2013 provides an overview of ODA evaluation trends in Japan and the international community. It introduces the outline of evaluation results conducted in fiscal year 2012 by MOFA, related government ministries and agencies, and JICA, respectively. Chapter 3 contains follow-ups on ODA evaluation results by MOFA in FY2011.