Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) since 1961.
In 2012, Italy’s net ODA amounted to USD 2.64 billion. This 34.7% decrease in real terms from 2011 is mostly due to lower levels of ODA to refugees arriving from North Africa and reduced debt relief grants, which temporarily increased Italian ODA by 36% between 2010 and 2011. Overall, Italian ODA has fluctuated between 2006 and 2012.
Italy’s ODA represented 0.13% of its GNI in 2012, down from 0.20% in 2011. Italy, along with Greece, now has the lowest ODA to GNI ratio of all DAC members. The Italian government, however, has made a firm commitment to increase ODA allocations in order to reach 0.15-0.16% of GNI in 2013. Italy is likely to fall short of the 0.7% ODA/GNI target for 2015.
Key Statistics from the Development Co-operation Report 2013 (DCR)
The DAC notes that Italian Co-operation is facing major challenges. The first is an urgent need to reform official development co-operation, but there is currently no political consensus on how to proceed. The second is that Italy will fail to meet its international commitment to increase official development assistance (ODA) to 0.51% of its gross national income (GNI) by 2010 and is unlikely to meet 0.7% by 2015. In 2008 Italy’s ODA/GNI ratio was 0.22%, only 19th amongst the 23 DAC members and 8th in terms of aid volume.
The three NGOs examined for the evaluation "Tanzania NGO Financing" showed great capability in adapting their strategy to fit the changing context and maintaining steady final objectives, even when local equilibriums became fragile. The projects were also found to be sound with Tanzania’s policies in the respective sectors (i.e. agro-pastoral, territorial protection, and planning and health services).