Facing the unique challenges that fragile states are dealing with, requires a concerted international approach to support positive statebuilding processes, based on robust state-society relations. INCAF has pioneered new thinking on statebuilding and is translating that thinking into clear recommendations for better practice.
What is statebuilding?
Statebuilding is a deeply political process forged out of complex struggles over the balance of power, the rules of engagement and how resources should be distributed.
Figure 1. Building “states in society”: Three critical aspects of state-society relations
Broad social expectations about
what the state should do.
The political settlement reflects the agreement on the “rules of the game”.
The capability and responsiveness of the state to effectively fulfil its principal functions and provide key services.
At the heart of the interaction among the three aspects lies the matter of legitimacy, which provides the basis for rule by primarily non-coercive means. States derive legitimacy from multiple sources that may coexist and/or compete. Understanding the sources of legitimacy must be central to external interventions in statebuilding efforts.
Recent publications include:
Consult the full list of recent publications in the Conflict & Fragility Series.
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Peacebuilding, statebuilding and security