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The security-development nexus
Security is fundamental to people’s livelihoods, reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. It relates to person and state safety, access to social services and political processes. It is a core government responsibility, necessary for economic and social development and vital for the protection of human rights.
Security matters to the poor and other vulnerable groups, especially women and children, because bad policing, weak justice and penal systems and corrupt militaries mean that they suffer disproportionately from crime, insecurity and fear. They are consequently less likely to be able to access government services, invest in improving their own futures and escape from poverty.
From policy to practice: The OECD DAC Handbook on Security System Reform
The OECD DAC Handbook on SSR: Supporting Security and Justice provides guidance to operationalise the 2005 DAC Guidelines on Security System Reform and Governance and closes the gap between policy and practice. It largely follows the external assistance programme cycle and contains valuable tools to help encourage a dialogue on security and justice issues and to support an SSR process through the assessment, design and implementation phases. It also provides new guidance on monitoring, review and evaluation of SSR programmes, and highlights how to ensure greater coherence across the different actors and departments engaged in SSR.
The Handbook has been developed through a two-year consultative process -- it has been designed by and for international actors working to address insecurity and to support access to justice. The process has brought together the development community with their security and diplomatic colleagues to ensure that the handbook incorporates knowledge on the political, governance and technical nature of SSR. It is based on experience gathered from countries that have undertaken security and justice reforms, and the work of the international community in supporting conflict prevention and peacebuilding over the last decade throughout the developing world.
The purpose of the Handbook is to ensure that donor support to SSR programmes is both effective and sustainable. The DAC’s work has provided a platform from which to reach out to non-development actors and to partner countries. In particular, there is growing acknowledgement that the DAC’s governance principles for SSR can help frame the technical inputs provided by diplomatic and security policy communities. This approach provides a framework for supporting countries to address the diverse security and justice needs of their people through greater coordination and integration of development and security policies and practices.
The main policy and operational commitments from this work were endorsed by DAC Ministers and Heads of Agency at the DAC High Level Meeting in April 2007. In endorsing this work, Ministers underlined the need to ensure field level application and greater co-ordination of SSR capacity and activities.