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The GOVNET Anti-corruption task team brings together DAC members to support policy makers, donors and developing countries to better fight corruption through joint responses and by addressing the demand and the supply side of corruption. It also promotes efforts among members to support developing countries in implementing the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) as an important step towards coherent donor approaches.
GOVNET’s work on anti-corruption goes back to 1996 when OECD donors first introduced anti-corruption provisions in their work in procurement agreements funded through bilateral development aid, following the Recommendation on Anti-Corruption Proposals for Aid-Funded Procurement.
The OECD Fights Corruption (pdf, 216 kB)
Supporting the fight against corruption in developing countries
In 2003, donors collarboated to ensure that they collectively support country-led anti-corruption strategies and that aid programmes themselves do not foster corruption. The DAC developed Principles for Donor Action in Anti-Corruption. In the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, donors committed to lending greater support to developing countries’ anti-corruption efforts, aligning with country-led initiatives, and promoting local ownership of anti-corruption reforms.
Joint responses to corruption
Work on collective donor responses to corruption is based on a study of donors' practical responses to corruption, which also outlines opportunities, constraints and incentives to render them more effective collectively. The report synthesises the findings of the three case studies: Afghanistan, Indonesia and Mozambique.
The report also includes principles for further guidance. These are being tested in countries to ensure that further guidance reflects the context in which donors deliver aid - especially in light of the global economic crisis. In parallel, DAC donors have started to assess corruption jointly in countries receiving aid, starting with a pilot initiative in Cameroon.
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An overarching theme in donors’ work to fight corruption is policy coherence - ensuring that other policies do not undermine development goals. GOVNET works across the OECD to address the supply side of corruption, for example in international business transactions and government procurement. In 2010, the OECD started to track OECD members’ efforts to trace, freeze and recover illegally acquired assets to the developing world.
The global economy and other international influences have a powerful effect on governance and corruption within developing countries. Many of these "international drivers" can act to undermine accountable governance. GOVNET is currently working to develop an analytical framework to understand the effects of international drivers on particular corruption and governance problems that are damaging to economic growth and development.
Addressing corruption in fragile states
GOVNET and the International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF) are working together to advance understanding of the key issues and challenges related to fighting corruption in fragile states. Recognising that anti-corruption efforts can contribute to the process of statebuilding and to achieving stability in fragile contexts, an initial background paper outlines the opportunities, challenges and constraints for donors to address corruption in fragile states. This paper outlines what an anti-corruption approach determined by a vision of statebuilding might consist of, and identifies remaining gaps in research in this area.
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