Conflict, fragility and resilience

States of Fragility Report


States of Fragility - The Series

The OECD is one of only a handful of sources of aggregate data and analysis of ‘fragile states and economies’ as a group. The OECD began reporting on official development assistance (ODA) flows specifically to a group of conflict-affected and ‘fragile states’ in 2005 based on an annually revised composite list drawn from the World Bank, African and Asian Development Bank’s Harmonised List, and the Fund For Peace’s Fragile States Index (formerly the ‘Failed States Index’). The aim was to draw the attention of donors - members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) - to ‘aid orphans’ and to advocate for more effectively targeted and balanced approaches to aid delivery in these countries. Since then the annual Report has evolved in scope. Every year the report now tackles one specific topic and provides new evidence on it to feed the current debate. The 2014 report focused on the extent to which aid was used to leverage domestic revenue mobilisation.

States of Fragility 2015: A New Approach to Fragility Post-2015

From 2015 onward, the series is being re-named “States of Fragility” and will differ markedly from previous years. It continues to report on ODA flows to a list of fragile states and economies as well as on trends in non-ODA flows which include foreign direct investment, remittances, funds from charitable foundations, NGOs and non-concessional loans. The list of countries and economies that will be used for the 2015 report can be found here.  Yet at the same time, in the wake of the universal post-2015 SDGs, the report will explore the development finance challenges faced by fragile environments in the context of the emerging post-2015 development agenda. It seeks to present a new understanding of fragility which goes beyond fragile and conflict-affected states. All countries will be expected to meet targets for the SDGs, including proposed SDG 16 “Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels”. The report, to be published in spring 2015, will explore how rising levels of violence and crime, poor access to justice, and other issues taken into account by the new SDG target affect countries worldwide. It will cluster countries according their vulnerability to each of those challenges and argue that making headway on the proposed targets will also require building a new portfolio of tools and interventions, and an understanding of the role the international community can play in assisting this process.

Fragile States 2015: Meeting post 2015 Ambitions

This 2015 OECD report on fragility contributes to the broader debate to define and implement post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It points out that addressing fragility in the new framework will be crucial if strides in reducing poverty are to be made. It argues in favour of proposed SDG 16 – promoting peaceful and inclusive societies – which aims to reduce violence of all forms.

The 2015 report differs markedly from previous editions as it seeks to present a new understanding of fragility beyond fragile states. It assesses fragility as an issue of universal character that can affect all countries, not only those traditionally considered “fragile” or conflict-affected. To do so, it takes three indicators related to targets of SDG 16 and two from the wider SDG framework: violence, access to justice, accountable and inclusive institutions, economic inclusion and stability, and capacities to prevent and adapt to social, economic and environmental shocks and disasters. It applies them to all countries worldwide, and identifies the 50 most vulnerable ones in all five dimensions. The group of countries most challenged on all five fronts differs little from the traditional list of fragile states and economies. Still, several middle-income countries with disproportionately high levels of crime-related violence, sub-national conflict or poor access to justice move into the spotlight.

The report concludes that making headway on the targets will require building a new portfolio of tools and interventions, and an understanding of the role the international community should and can play in assisting this process.

Related publications

States of Fragility: Meeting Post 2015 Ambitions (2015)

Fragile States 2014: Domestic Revenue Mobilisation (2014)

Fragile States 2013: Resource flows and trends in a shifting world (2013)

2011 Report on Financial Resource Flows: Ensuring Fragile States are not left behind (2011)

2008 Resource Flows to Fragile and Conflict-Affected States (2008)

2007 Fragile States Report (2007)

2006 Fragile States Report (2006)

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