Aid in Support of Gender Equality in Fragile and Conflict-affected States - Chapter 4
Several international agreements acknowledge the importance of protecting women in conflict and fragile situations, and of the role that they can and should play in statebuilding and conflict resolution to ensure sustained peace.
This present study is a contribution to mark the 10th anniversary of the adoption of UNSCR 1325 (in 2010), and provides an overview of DAC members' funding targeted to gender equality in fragile and conflict-affected states. It was prepared with the assistance of members of the DAC Network on Gender Equality (GENDERNET) and the DAC Working Party on Statistics (WP-STAT).
The focus on gender equality in fragile situations, called for by international agreements and resolutions, is implemented only to a limited extent.
On average, one-third of DAC members' aid to fragile states targets gender equality as a principal or significant objective. This is similar to the share for all developing countries combined (31%).
Some DAC members allocate a higher proportion of their aid to gender equality in fragile states than in other countries, and have made it a major focus of their aid programmes.
There is scope to scale up investments for gender equality in the peace and security sector in fragile states. Only 20% of aid allocated in this sector in fragile states integrates a gender equality dimension - a share that is lower than in all developing countries combined (23%).
The share of aid in the peace and security sector that targets gender equality in fragile states is particularly low for security system management and reform initiatives: only 10%.
Only 38% of aid allocated to the governance sector in fragile states addressed gender equality. This share is lower than the share in all developing countries combined (44%) and suggests that international commitments to increase the participation of women in decision-making are not being supported by donors.
Donors pay particular attention to gender equality in the social sectors in fragile states: more than half of aid in the education and health sectors target gender equality. In all developing countries combined, these shares are lower by more than ten percentage points.
34% of total bilateral aid to fragile states targeted gender equality as a principal or significant objective. This is equivalent to USD 4.4 billion per year in 2007-08. 66% of the aid screened against the gender equality policy marker did not target gender equality.