Environment and development

Our Key Publications


The following is a list of publications on environment and development by the OECD-DAC.Some of them are international guidelines/guidances for the operation of donor agencies, endorsed  by all major donor countries. There are also working papers that provide cutting-edge knowledge in the area of environment and development.


Please also see Key Declarations and Policy Statements that serve as basis of our work.


Greening Development: Enhancing Capacity for Environmental Management and Governance


This guidance outlines a number of steps to be considered when building capacity for greening national development planning, national budgetary processes and key economic sector strategies.


Related documents:

-Download a summary: English (pdf,1.26Mb), French (2.16 Mb), Spanish  (2.15 Mb) 
-Download a flyer (pdf, 978 KB)


Strategic Environmental Assessment in Development Practice: Review of Recent Experience


This report showcases on-ground experience of applying Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in developing country context. It presents key findings from applications of SEA in nice countries:  Vietnam, Bhutan, Namibia, Mauritius, Benin, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Honduras, and Montenegro. Based on these case studies, the report suggests six recommendations to improve SEA practice in developing countries.




Development Perspectives for a Post-2012 Climate Financing Architecture (Preliminary version, 2010)


This paper examines the multilateral funding mechanisms used to deliver finance to address climate change in developing countries. Specifically, the paper reviews the existing multilateral funding mechanisms for climate change, the lessons learned from multilateral funding for climate change and other purposes, the issues that arise when disbursing funding for climate change, the fast-start finance promised by developed countries in the Copenhagen Accord, and the longer-term needs for climate finance. 




Capacity Development for Environmental Management and Governance in the Energy Sector in Developing Countries, 2010


The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of environmental management and governance in the energy sector; to present environmental goals, requirements, entry points, and strategies/approaches to capacity development for the environment (CDE) in this sector; and to discuss implications for donors.



Capacity Development for Environmental Management in the Agricultural Sector in Developing Countries, 2010


The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of environmental management and governance in the agricultural sector; to present environmental goals, requirements, entry points, and strategies/approaches to capacity development for the environment (CDE) in this sector; and to discuss implications for donors.



Greening Development Planning - A Review of Country Case Studies for Making the Economic Case for Improved Management of Environment and Natural Resources, 2009


Different approaches to making the economic case for improved management of natural capital in national planning are reviewed in this report. In many low-income countries natural resources sectors (agriculture, mining, forestry, fishery, nature-based tourism) are identified as the engines of economic growth.



Integrating Public Environmental Expenditure within Multi-year Budgetary Frameworks, 2009


The purpose of this study has been to analyse how multi-year budgetary processes work in practice in both high income OECD countries and in aid-receiving countries, with a view to identifying the opportunities for, and limits to, financing environmental management. It also provides suggestions to the donor community on how to make better use of multi-year budgeting when providing general support to the budgets of developing countries in order to ensure that environment is included in this process.



Assessing Environmental Management Capacity: Towards A Common Reference Framework, 2009


This paper provides a synthesis of major elements and approaches of institutional assessment that may be applied to environmental management. It suggests that while a large number of diagnostic tools are in use, their level of elaboration is not sufficient for systemic sector-specific capacity assessments that would match partners’ and donors’ needs.


Integrating Climate Change Adaptation into Development Co-operation (2009)

(Available in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese)


This Policy Guidance provides advice on how to facilitate the integration of adaptation within development processes. It is structured around national, sectoral, project, and local levels.


Related documents:

Summary (pdf,1.40 Mb)

User Guides for Practitioners working at the National Level (pdf,1.07 Mb),Sectoral Level (pdf,2.13Mb), Project Level (pdf, 947Kb)


Natural Resources and Pro-Poor Growth: The Economics and Politics (2008)

This guideline demonstrates that natural resources can contribute to growth, employment, exports and fiscal revenues. It highlights the importance of policies encouraging the sustainable management of these resources. Moreover, it emphasises the need to address the political challenges of natural resource management for long-term pro-poor economic growth.


Executive Summary (pdf, 445 Kb)


Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment: Good Practice Guidance for Development Co-operation (2006)


This guidance explains the benefits of using Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in development co-operation and sets out twelve entry points for its application based on recent experiences.


Thematic Advisory Notes:

SEA and Climate Change Adaptation (pdf, 656 Kb)

SEA and Post-Conflict Development (pdf, 542 Kb)

SEA and Disaster Risk Reduction (pdf, 529 Kb)

SEA and Ecosystem Services (pdf, 912 Kb)

SEA and Biofuels (pdf, 2.1Mb)



Environmental Fiscal Reform for Poverty Reduction (2005)
This DAC Reference Document outlines key issues faced when designing Environmental Fiscal Reform (EFR). EFR refers to a range of taxation and pricing measures which can raise fiscal revenues while furthering environmental goals.



Integrating the Rio Conventions into Development Co-operation (2002)This publication aims to clarify the linkages between the Rio Conventions and sustainable development, and provide insights as to how development co-operation agencies can help developing countries respond to global environmental threats.


Strategies for Sustainable Development (2001)

This DAC Guideline provides policy guidance on good practice in developing and implementing strategies for sustainable development.It aims to provide guidance for development co-operation agencies in their efforts to assist developing countries towards sustainable development.





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