Environment and development

ENVIRONET-WP-STAT Task Team on OECD Rio Markers: First Experts' Meeting on Environment and Development Finance Statistics, 20-21 March 2014



Previous meetings between ENVIRONET and WP-STAT were held in February, June and September 2013. 


Please see the Main Points of Discussion of the first expert's meeting of the Joint ENVIRONET- WP-STAT Task Team.



  • Mr. Maher Mamhikoff, Chair of the OECD DAC Working Party on Development Finance Statistics, and 
  • Dr. Amal-Lee Amin, E3G, ENVIRONET Member.


Meeting objectives: 

  1. To review results of the stock take of members’ reporting practices to the OECD DAC on environment-related Official Development Assistance (ODA) and Other Official Flows (OOF), and members’ reporting against international obligations, drawing on the recent OECD survey and member and non-member experiences.
  2. To discuss future outreach and communication, including needs from the perspective of developing countries.
  3. To consider options to improve the Rio marker methodology and application to ODA and OOF, and in particular seek members’ views on priorities and approach for the development and review of options.
  4. To consider the status of international reporting of multilateral climate finance to date, including a discussion of MDB, DFI, CPI and OECD initiatives and milestones in taking forward the measurement and monitoring of climate finance, followed by a discussion on opportunities and avenues for greater future collaboration.

2. Tracking of climate finance in country

3. Update on the Partnership for Climate Finance and Development 

4. Review of members' use of Rio marker data and reporting to the Rio conventions

5. Measuring and monitoring IFI and DFI climate finance flows as part of an integrated system

6. Future communication, dissemination and outreach


1. Review of members' reporting practices to OECD DAC

The ENVIRONET-WP-STAT Task Team’s first task has been to take stock of reporting practices of members, drawing on evidence from a survey of members, a review of DAC statistics and on-going and recent work in this area. 

This interactive session explored members’ experiences and approaches to reporting to the DAC and applying the Rio markers, highlighted the current coverage and status of reporting by member, as well as institutional and quality assurance processes.  

Presentation by Ms. Valérie Gaveau, OECD Secretariat



2. Tracking of climate finance in country

The DAC CRS captures members’ reporting, yet a comprehensive overview of finance flows also requires consideration of how finance is flowing and thus tracked within partner countries.  This relates to both international development finance and also domestic finance.

OECD DAC statistics can be used to see the characteristics of ODA and environmentally focused aid committed to individual partner countries. For example:

This session showcased experiences of how climate finance – external and domestic - is tracked within Indonesia and Zambia, including reflections on the use of Rio marker data by partner countries.


Presentation by Mr. Noeroso L. Wahyudi, Ministry of Finance, Indonesia



Presentation by Mr. Charles Mulenga, Zambia Institute of Environmental Management, Zambia


3. Update on the Partnership for Climate Finance and Development

The Partnership for Climate Finance and Development is a voluntary initiative promoting the deployment and effective use of climate finance at country-level through coherence and collaboration among climate change, finance and development co-operation communities at the country, regional and global levels. The Partnership stems from the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (South Korea, December 2011).

This session provided an update on the activities of the Partnership, including a summary of the recent Global Forum on the use of country systems to manage climate finance, and upcoming global and regional dialogues.


Ms. Alexis Robert, OECD Secretariat


4. Review of members' use of Rio marker data and reporting to the Rio conventions

Originally Rio markers were designed to help members in their preparation of National Communications to the Rio Conventions, however in recent years new financial commitments on behalf of developed country Parties have emerged together with a variety of reporting requirements. Whilst a large number of members draw on Rio markers to provide the basis for their reporting to the Rio Conventions, in doing so many are applying “innovative” reporting methods and in the absence of standardised rules many are adopting a range of accounting approaches for reporting on bilateral and multilateral ODA. 

This interactive session took stock of members' reported use of Rio marker data and practices for reporting to the international conventions, together with interventions from the UNFCCC, CBD and UNCCD secretariats.  This session considered options to improve the use of Rio marker data outside of the CRS for reporting against quantitative financial targets and reporting to international conventions, including scope for improved harmonisation in reporting practices.


Ms. Stephanie Ockenden, OECD Secretariat


Mr. Alejandro Kilpatrick, UNFCCC Secretariat


Mr. Markus Lehmann, UNCBD Secretariat


5. Measuring and monitoring IFI and DFI climate finance flows as part of an integrated system

Inflows to multilaterals are counted in DAC statistics as follows:

i) contributions from donors channelled through multilateral organisations and earmarked for climate purposes are included in bilateral figures, where they are Rio-marked,

ii) contributions to multilateral climate funds (e.g. CIFs, GEF LDCF and SCCF) are counted in their totality as multilateral contributions for climate purposes,

iii) core contributions to agencies partly active in the climate field are included in multilateral aid but not Rio-marked, since this  would raise comparability issues with different donors scoring contributions to the same multilateral institution differently.  Instead, “imputed multilateral contributions” are calculated and attributed back to donors. 

The DAC Secretariat is working with MDBs and other international financial institutions to record and reconcile data on the outflows from multilateral climate funds and multilateral agencies more generally.  This should also improve the accuracy of the imputation required by iii) above.

This session provided an update on the status of collaborative efforts, the DAC statistical treatment of multilateral flows and status of reporting, before considering options for improvements and opportunities for future collaboration. 

Ms. Jane Wilkinson, Climate Policy Initiative


Ms. Valérie Gaveau, OECD Secretariat



6. Future communication, dissemination and outreach

This session reviewed recent and future communication activities undertaken by the DAC secretariat together with discussion on proposals to improve the presentation and communication of Rio and environmental marker data.


Ms. Stephanie Ockenden, OECD Secretariat



For more information, contact Stephanie Ockenden (stephanie.ockenden@oecd.org) or

Valérie Gaveau (valerie.gaveau@oecd.org)


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