Environment and development

Greening Development

Enhancing Capacity for Environmental Management and Governance

Published on January 25, 2012

Also available in: French

This policy guidance outlines a number of steps to be considered when building capacity for greening national development planning, national budgetary processes and key economic sector strategies. It identifies the key actors to be engaged in the decision making processes, outlines possible capacity needs and suggests how these can be addressed. This policy guidance is intended to support developing countries in their efforts to move to a greener development path. It is also intended to assist development co-operation and environment agencies in their efforts to support that process.


Foreword and Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Greening development
Greening national development planning processes
Greening national budget processes
Greening key economic sectors
Capacity for development support providers
Powered by OECD iLibrary

Policy summary

Economic growth based on the unsustainable use of natural resources is no longer viable in a world facing the pressures of a growing population, climate change and increasing risks of food shortages. Against this background ensuring the sustainability of the natural resource base is crucial. Moving to a greener development path requires incorporating the environment into every aspect of the national planning and budgeting process. A key obstacle for many developing countries in meeting this objective is a lack of capacity for identifying environmental challenges and priorities and their implications for development, formulating policy responses and implementing strategies. It is against this background that the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the Environment Policy Committee (EPOC) have combined their expertise to develop this report Greening Development: Enhancing Capacity for Environmental Management and Governance. The guidance focuses on three levels: that of the individual, the organisation and the enabling environment. It provides practical recommendations on how to develop capacity for greening development through integration of environmental concerns into policy frameworks and budgetary processes. Recognising the different country contexts, this guidance advocates an iterative approach to strengthening country systems for the management of natural resources and the environment.

» Download a summary: EnglishFrenchSpanish 

» Download a flyer 


E-learning courses

Two sets of e-learning materials building on the OECD guidance have been developed by Evidence on Demand. These are:

  • A foundation course - comprising three modules (see flyer)
  • An in depth course - comprising five modules (see flyer)

Both courses are open-access and aim to help development professionals without specialist knowledge of climate and environment to integrate these policy areas into their projects and programmes. Each module is estimated to take around 20 minutes.

To access the course, sign up by clicking the link “Click here to enter our new interactive e-learning portalhere