This website was developed by the Task Team on Division of Labour and Complementarity (TT DoL) of the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness (WP-EFF). Its aim is to ensure easy access to relevant and up-to-date information about division of labour (DoL) and related topics.
After the July 2011 session of the WP-EFF with its call for Building Blocks for post-Busan implementation, the two co-chairs and other members of the TT DoL started to mobilise supporters for the Building Block “Managing Diversity and Reducing Fragmentation”. This building block will go beyond TT DoL in that it will support country-specific strategies to make better use of the increasing diversity of providers of development co-operation and to deal successfully with undesired fragmentation of external support (this can include - but is not limited to - DoL processes).
For more information, see the official HLF4 website. While the post-Busan web presentation of all building blocks is under construction, readers are welcome to continue to submit information on relevant events or reports on experiences in division of labour to email@example.com for inclusion on this website.
Excessive fragmentation of aid at global, country or sector level impairs aid effectiveness. A pragmatic approach to the division of labour and burden sharing increases complementarity and can reduce transaction costs.
Paris Declaration (2005)
Country-led division of labour (DoL) has emerged as one important strategy to achieve the Paris Declaration principle of harmonisation. Good division of labour ensures the complementarity of aid contributions in order to overcome increasing proliferation and fragmentation.
In 2009, the WP-EFF approved the International Good Practice Principles for Country-Led Division of Labour and Complementarity (708 kB), which focus on in-country DoL. Future areas of work leading up to the Fourth High Level Forum (HLF4) in Busan, Korea, in November 2011 will be:
- supporting the dissemination and implementation of the Good Practice Principles (GPP)
- incorporating DoL into the third round of Paris Declaration monitoring survey and the second phase of the Paris Declaration evaluation
- facilitating the dialogue on cross-country (International) DoL stipulated in the Accra Agenda for Action.
DoL has gained momentum in the European Union through the EU Code of Conduct on Complementarity and Division of Labour (EU CoC DoL, May 2007). The implementation of the EU CoC DoL is supported by a Fast Track Initiative (FTI) in approximately 30 partner countries, facilitated by EU donors. In 2008-9, progress in DoL in these countries was monitored twice, and DoL was incorporated into the EU Operational Framework on Aid Effectiveness (November 2009 - DoL updated in June 2010). DoL is on the agenda of the EU preparation process for HLF-4.
The focus of both policies and practical experiences has so far been on in-country DoL (IC-DoL). However, cross-country or international DoL (CC-DoL) is also addressed on this website. Information about both types of DoL can be found on each of the following subpages.
Why is harmonisation important?
When individual donors (public and private) decide separately which country programmes to assist based on their own particular criteria, the pattern of aid distribution across countries becomes insufficiently co-ordinated. The absence of timely information on other donors’ forward intentions impedes everyone’s ability to adjust their own plans accordingly.
This pattern generates inefficiencies and inequities. The resulting geographical gaps and overlaps, commonly called “aid darlings” and “aid orphans”, can entail considerable global costs, to the extent that the aid community as a whole fails to invest systematically where aid is expected to have the most impact.
Read more on the OECD DAC's work on aid architecture and fragmentation.
Division of Labour for Complementarity - Policy Documents
Division of Labour - Initiatives and Events
Division of Labour for Complementarity - Country Experiences
Division of Labour for Complementarity - Methods, Tools and Good Practice
Division of Labour for Complementarity - Monitoring, Evaluation and Research