Development Co-operation Directorate

Development Co-operation Report 2018

Joining Forces to Leave No One Behind

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Published on July 10, 2018

Also available in: French


When Member States of the United Nations approved the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015, they agreed that the Sustainable Development Goals and Targets should be met for all nations and peoples and for all segments of society. Governments and stakeholders negotiating the 2030 Agenda backed the ambition of leaving no one behind, an ambition increasingly referred to in development policies, international agendas and civil society advocacy.

How can we transform this ambition into reality? Policy makers, civil society and business are asking for more clarity on how to ensure that no one is left behind in practice. What does it mean for the design and delivery of economic, social and environmental policies? How should development co-operation policies, programming and accountability adapt? What should governments, development partners and the international community do differently to ensure that sustainable development goals benefit everyone and the furthest behind first?
The 2018 Development Co-operation Report: Joining Forces to Leave No One Behind addresses all of these questions and many more. Informed by the latest evidence on what it means to be left behind, it adopts a wide range of perspectives and draws lessons from policies, practices and partnerships that work. The report proposes a holistic and innovative framework to shape and guide development co-operation policies and tools that are fit for the purpose of leaving no one behind.

The full report will be published in November.


Where do development co-operation providers spend their aid and what do they spend it on? What are the main shifts and trends in development co-operation?

This advance release of the Development Co-operation Report (DCR) 2018 contains the individual profiles of all members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) as well 13 other providers that report to the OECD in a sufficiently granular manner, and private development finance from two foundations. It also includes estimates on development finance for 10 countries that do not currently report to the OECD.

The full DCR 2018 will be released in the Fall and provide detailed analysis and guidance on how providers can keep the promise of leaving no one behind.



This brochure provides a snapshot of how individual members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) are addressing leave no one behind, informed by responses to a survey that the OECD circulated to members in March/April 2018.

DCR 2018 Brochure



Key findings

  • A majority of DAC members align with the principle/ambition of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Developmentof leaving no one behind
  • Findings from the survey suggest that DAC members address leave no one behind through two key lenses:

1. Geography – countries most in need (such as least developed countries, fragile contexts and small island developing states) and targeted programmes in middle-income developing countries, notably to poorer regions and people who are marginalised, excluded.
2. People and groups with a strong emphasis on eradicating poverty, reducing inequality, promoting social and economic inclusion and respect for human rights.

  • According to their responses, DAC members consider that the focus on leaving no one behind is an importantopportunity to seize; it opens new discussion about the priorities and targeting of development co-operation onvulnerabilities, equitable access and poverty eradication. It also stimulates fresh thinking about what needs tobe done differently to succeed.
  • Key challenges that were flagged in terms of ensuring development co-operation is fit to leave no one behindor reaching the furthest behind first include effective targeting of the people/groups who are left behind, datagaps, questions about the feasibility of ensuring no one is left behind combined with issues of political economyand how to mainstream it effectively.




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