In 2016, preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 1.0 billion (0.08% of GNI). In 2015, the Russian Federation’s net ODA amounted to USD 1.2 billion compared to USD 876 million in 2014, an increase of 95% in real terms. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI rose from 0.05% to 0.09%.
The Russian Federation’s development co-operation is provided in line with the Concept of Russia’s State Policy in the Field of International Development Assistance, approved by the President of the Russian Federation in 2014. The concept sets out the objectives, principles and priorities of the Russian Federation’s development co-operation, as well as the criteria for providing assistance to partner countries. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Finance, in co-operation with other government agencies, play a leading role in formulating the Russian Federation’s development co-operation policy and supervise its implementation.
In 2015, the Russian Federation provided its bilateral development assistance mainly to the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States, as well as Syria, Serbia and Guinea. The priority sectors of the Russian Federation’s bilateral development co-operation were health, public finance, food security, nutrition and education.
The Russian Federation provides its bilateral development co-operation in the form of technical assistance projects, capacity building and scholarships, as well as budget support and debt relief.
The Russian Federation’s multilateral ODA accounted for 22% its total ODA, provided through the World Bank Group (accounting for 53% of its multilateral ODA in 2015), as well as through the United Nations (36%), regional development banks (1%) and other multilateral organisations.
The Russian Federation is an OECD accession country.