In 2016, preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 44 million (0.19% of GNI). In 2015, Estonia’s net ODA amounted to USD 34 million, representing an increase of 7% in real termsover 2014. The ratio of ODA as a share of GNI also rose, from 0.14% to 0.15%.
Estonia’s development co-operation is provided in line with its Strategy for Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid for the period 2016-20. This strategy sets out the goals and objectives of Estonia’s development co-operation, its sectoral and geographical priorities, as well as its estimated financial allocations for ODA.The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the key institution responsible for managing and co-ordinating Estonia’s development co-operation.
In 2015, Estonia provided its bilateral development co-operation mostly to Ukraine, Afghanistan, Georgia and Moldova, often in the form of small-scale technical co-operation projects. The main sectors of Estonia’s bilateral development co-operation were governance and civil society,humanitarian aid, and education. Cross-cutting themes for Estonia’s development co-operation were information and communication technologies, transparency and democratic participation, and the
rights of women and children.
Multilateral ODA accounted for 56% of Estonia’s total ODA in 2015, provided primarily through the European Union (accounting for 72% of its multilateral ODA in 2015), as well as through the World Bank and the United Nations.
Estonia, which joined the OECD in 2010, is an observer to the Development Assistance Committee.