Conflict, fragility and resilience

States of Fragility Reports


What is fragility?

Fragility is defined as the combination of exposure to risk and insufficient coping capacity of the state, system and/or communities to manage, absorb or mitigate those risks. Fragility can lead to negative outcomes including violence, the breakdown of institutions, displacement, humanitarian crises or other emergencies (States of Fragility report, 2016:22). 


Listen to an extract of a recent podcast where Jonathan Papoulidis, Executive Advisor on Fragile States for World Vision and Visiting Scholar at Stanford University, discusses the OECD fragility framework
Listen here
  (Source: ACUNS, Academic Council on the United Nations System).



The OECD began reporting on official development assistance (ODA) flows, specifically to a group of states affected by fragility in 2005, based on an annually revised composite Harmonised List drawn from the World Bank, African Development Bank and Asian Development Bank, and the Fund For Peace’s Fragile States Index. The aim of these “Fragile States reports” was to draw the attention of donors - members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) - to ‘aid orphans’ and to advocate for more effectively targeted and balanced approaches to aid delivery in these countries. Since then, the annual report has evolved in scope and continues to provide new evidence to feed the current debate. Every year the report tackles one specific topic and provides new evidence to feed the current debate. 


Expert Consultation on a Multidimensional Fragility Model 

How should the OECD monitor ‘fragility’ in the coming years? In its States of Fragility Report 2015, the OECD put out an innovative working model building on five dimensions. That model is part of the OECD’s larger effort to move away from the ‘fragile states list’ - a binary view of the world - towards a universal concept of fragility. It builds on the recognition that fragility affects states and societies in different ways. It affects not only developing but potentially all countries. The model has been welcomed as an innovative and timely move towards a more nuanced understanding of fragility. 

The OECD engaged in an extensive external consultation process between October and December 2015 to collect inputs for a revised concept – through workshops, guest blogs and by collecting individual feedback. These inputs serve to shape the fragility concept used in the States of Fragility 2016 report.

We also asked scholars and practitioners to join to the discussion through blogs which you can find here.


List of all reports

2016 States of Fragility 2016, Understanding Violence
2015 States of Fragility 2015: Meeting Post-2015 Ambitions
2014 Fragile States 2014, Domestic Revenue Mobilisation in Fragile States
2013 Fragile States 2013: Resource flows and trends in a shifting world
2011 2011 Report on Financial Resource Flows: Ensuring Fragile States are not left behind
2010 Resource Flows to Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
2009 Ensuring Fragile States are not left Behind
2008 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
2007 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile States: 2007 Report
2006 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile States: 2006 Report
2005 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile States: 2005 Report



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