Humanitarian Financing

Financing Forced Displacement


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How should we finance forced displacement settings, in particular, in developing countries? By the end of 2017, 68.5 million people had been forcibly displaced worldwide (UNHCR). Official Development Assistance (ODA) plays a vital role in meeting the costs of providing sustenance to forcibly displaced people – both  for refugees seeking asylum in-donor countries, and for forcibly displaced people in developing countries.


How to get the right financing for situations of forced displacement

Following work on specifying refugee costs in-donor countries, this workstream will focus on assessing current development investments in refugee-hosting settings and defining the best strategies for financing different types of forced displacement – in order better utilize ODA to help support forcibly displaced people around the world.

In-donor refugee costs

In 2016, the 30 members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) formed a Temporary Working Group (TWG) on Refugees and Migration with the aim of assessing how in-country costs associated with refugees are reported as Official Development Assistance (ODA), and to work towards better programming guidance.

Under the direction of the Financing for Sustainable Development Division, clarifications to the Statistical Reporting Directives on in-donor country refugee costs have been developed to  improve consistency of reporting across members, and to support the compilation of more accurate and accessible data.

For more information on current work on in-donor refugee costs in ODA see here

 ‌Development investments in refugee-hosting settings

A large portion of the world’s refugees are hosted in developing countries. It is therefore important to consider how ODA is
spent in these settings – and to consider what other efforts, responses, or future plans are being made by donors.

Upcoming Work

Financing for Refugee-Hosting Countries Survey - informing the Global Compact on Refugees


Image Source UNHCR

 Financing forced displacement

There are a range of different types of forced displacement. It is important to identify and define  these typologies – and to find the right financing solutions.

Upcoming Work

Forced displacement typologies
Case study: Financing strategy for Uganda



Global Compact on Refugees 

In 2016, all 193 member states of the United Nations agreed to adopt the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants with the objective of improving how the international community responds to large scale movements of migrants and refugees – aiming to protect those who are forced to flee and to support the countries that shelter them. The Declaration tasked UNHCR with building upon the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) to develop a Global Compact on Refugees, a two-part compact which will consist of the CRRF and a Programme of Action.


Partnership with UNHCR 

The OECD will work in partnership with UNHCR in order to harmonize efforts surrounding refugees and development. This includes efforts to gain a general knowledge of how refugee-hosting countries and geographical areas are currently financed in order to inform certain goals expressed by the Global Compact on Refugees.

Useful Links

Clarifications to the statisitcal reporting directives on in-donor refugee costs
Financing for sustainable development
Addressing Forced Displacement through Development Planning and Co-operation
Towards a global compact on refugees
New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants

Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework

Related OECD Work




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