OECD countries may account for the lion's share of global aid but other countries, such as Brazil and India, are becoming major contributors as the balance of economic power shifts towards emerging markets.
In 2009, Saudi Arabia provided USD 3.25 billion in gross ODA, exceeding the gross ODA volumes of 12 of the 24 DAC countries. In the same year, China provided an estimated USD 1.9 billion in gross ODA, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) USD 1.04 billion.
Many providers of development co-operation are also applying new approaches to international development. We work with them to help them strengthen their aid management and statistics through special reviews and technical assistance. We also track trends and identify examples of good practice that could be applied in other countries.
Established, dynamic and international, the main aim of the Paris 21 Consortium – or Paris21 in short – is to support the production and use of statistics for economic and social development and to promote better governance.
The main thrust of PARIS21’s work — assisting developing countries to design, implement, and monitor National Strategies for the Development of Statistics (NSDS) — has become the international benchmark for strategic planning in statistics.
Millennium Development Goal 8, “forming a global partnership for development”, encourages wide participation and close collaboration between all development actors. In 2005, the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness incorporated this goal, backed by the most inclusive and credible forum on aid effectiveness, the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness (WP-EFF). Since its inception in 2003, it has evolved into the international partnership for aid effectiveness with 80 participants including bilateral and multilateral donors, aid recipients, emerging providers of development assistance, civil society organisations, global programmes, the private sector, and parliaments.
Since 2008, the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding has worked to establish international objectives in countries affected by conflict and fragility. The first such dialogue that gives fragile states a voice, it defines realistic objectives, sets the agenda for international support for peacebuilding and statebuilding, and helps ensure that the money that goes into fragile states meets specific needs. The April 2010 International Dialogue in in Dili, Timor-Leste, resulted in the Dili Declaration, which highlights seven key actions for moving forward constructively.
Mobilising domestic resources
Recent research has revealed that taxation not only fosters capable public administration, it also promotes accountability by creating a “bargaining” contract between citizens and government.
This 2010 initiative aims to strengthen tax systems in developing countries, and works to ensure fair taxation of multinationals in developing countries, implement information exchange agreements with tax havens and evaluate reporting requirements for multinational enterprises.