Development Co-operation Directorate (DCD-DAC)

Aid architecture and financing: Publications list


The following is a list of publications on aid architecture and financing.

For more information, please visit our website here.


Future Aid Flows: Preliminary Findings of the 2011 Survey on Donors' Forward Spending Plans 2011-2013

Tracing  country programmable aid (CPA) flows, this annual survey on donors' forward spending plans aims to reduce some of the uncertainty around aid at the global, regional and country level.


What if Development Aid Really Rewarded Results?: Revisiting the Cash on Delivery (COD) Aid Model

Results-based funding discipline is in high political demand today. However, target-driven schemes bring with them measurement, attribution and perverse incentive problems. This development brief explores the potential of a Cash-on-Delivery aid model to overcome these problems and sets out further questions for consideration



2010 OECD DAC Report on Aid Predictability: Survey on Donors’ Forward Spending Plans 2010-2012 (pdf, 1.27 MB) 

This report is a unique instrument: the only regular process at the global level that brings together most bilateral and multilateral aid spending plans 1-3 years ahead with the aim of improving global predictability of future aid flows. The 2010 survey is the third survey in this series. The 2010 edition of the survey report provides an assessment of indicative forward programming to countries that need it the most in order to reach the MDGs by providing a first indication of the collective forward programming of bilateral and major multilateral donors’ up to 2012, mid-way to 2015. The international development community faces the challenges of aid prospects and needs through 2015, as ODA is a necessary and complementary source of finance for development to reach the MDGs. The report is intended both for policy makers in recipient countries as a guide to overall planning of aid resources and for aid managers in donor countries and international agencies to inform their aid allocation decisions.

The Evolving Development Finance Architecture: A Shortlist of Problems and Opportunities for Action in 2011 (47KB)

The current “architecture” is largely impervious to top-down attempts at restructuring and to bottom-up competitive pressure. Shared norms can nonetheless help, and joint action can reduce information gaps and other sources of market failure.

2009 DAC Report on Multilateral Aid (pdf, 2.6 MB)

This report on covers recent trends in multilateral aid and total use (core and non-core) of the multilateral system, with a special focus on UNDP and World Bank trust funds. It explores development perspectives of the climate change funding architecture, and provides an overview of the response of multilaterals to the financial and economic crisis. It also includes an update on members’ multilateral strategies and assessment approaches.

Read the executive summary (375 kb)

Disponible en français

Development Finance Challenges 2010-2015 (pdf, 458kb)

This paper looks at the DAC’s collective delivery against key global development finance challenges starting with the emerging lessons from the global economic crisis; progress with ODA commitments and claims on ODA, 2010-2015; stocktaking of recent thematic initiatives; post-Copenhagen implications for development finance; mobilising domestic resources; and innovative sources of finance.

Monitoring Report of the DAC HLM Action Plan on Responding to Global Development Challeneges at a Time of Crisis (pdf, 591 kb) 

In response to the financial crisis in 2009, the DAC HLM produce a seven point action plan to ensure that development remained high on the political agenda and to mitigate the impacts of the crisis in partner countries. The report draws on existing monitoring and evaluation information within OECD as well as external monitoring systems and case-studies from DAC Members and Observers, think tanks and other crisis monitoring efforts across the international system

Global Governance for International Development: Who's in charge? (pdf) (pdf, 169kb)

Development Brief

This new development brief outlines the strengths and weaknesses of the complex network of existing institutions in international aid and briefly evaluates the ability of these institutions to meet the challenge of improving aid effectiveness. This development brief argues that efficient management of the aid system and closing “transmission losses” would more than justify better networking efforts among these institutions.

Getting closer to the core - Measuring Country programmable Aid (pdf 199kb)

Development Brief

The headline measure of spending by industrialised country governments in favour of developing countries has long been official development assistance, or ODA. This captures grants and concessional loans made to developing countries and multilateral development institutions for development purposes. But debt relief, imputed student costs, aid administration and technical co-operation - while scored at face value as ODA within Development Assistance Committee (DAC) guidelines - may not represent actual transfers of funds to recipient countries. This brief looks at attempts to strip these and other items from ODA to derive a more meaningful, “real aid” measure.

2009 OECD Report on Division of Labour: Addressing fragmentation and concentration of aid across countries (pdf, 2.3 MB)

Developing countries differ greatly in their potential for development and in the challenges they face, but at least in one respect, many share a common problem: too little aid from too many donors. The report traces up to 4 000 aid relationships between all 151 aid recipient countries and the 46 largest donors, covering all DAC members and the largest multilateral agencies.

Aid Orphans: Whose Reponsibility? Development Brief (pdf, 191.3 kB)

Development Brief

The pattern of aid distribution across countries is insufficiently co-ordinated. Individual donors (public and private) decide separately which country programmes to assist and to what extent, based on their unique set of values, goals and criteria, shaped by specific contexts and historical relationships. The absence of timely information on other donors’ forward intentions impedes everyone’s ability to adjust their own plans accordingly. Furthermore, accountability to taxpayers or boards is seldom focused on correcting the actions of others, predictable or not: each donor has its own priorities and incentive framework.  

2009 DAC Report on Aid Predictability: Survey on Donors’ Forward Spending Plans 2009-2011 (pdf, 4.15 MB)

This report is a unique instrument: the only regular process at the global level that brings together most bilateral and multilateral aid spending plans 1-3 years ahead with the aim of improving global predictability of future aid flows. It is intended both for policy makers in recipient countries as a guide to overall planning of aid resources and for aid managers in donor countries and international agencies to inform their aid allocation decisions.

2008 DAC Report on Multilateral Aid (pdf, 2.6 MB)

>Summary of the Report (pdf, 272 KB)
Multilateral aid accounts for over a third of total ODA. The scale at which the multilateral system is used reflects donors’ views of it as an important aid channel. However, a clearer picture of the multilateral system is needed to analyse this channel. This report provides a snapshot of the multilateral aid architecture, from the funding of multilateral organisations by DAC members to their own multilateral aid strategies and policies. The report also highlights issues such as fragmentation, multilateral effectiveness, reform processes and partner country views.


> Report of 2008 Survey of Aid Allocation Policies and Indicative Forward Spending Plans (pdf, 1.49 MB)
>> Summary of the report (pdf, 406 KB)
>> Download fragmentation data (xls,151 KB)
As part of monitoring the delivery of international aid commitments, a full survey on aid allocation policies and indicative forward spending plans acts as a key stimulus to improving medium-term predictability of aid.




































































Related Documents


Aid architecture


Countries list

  • Afghanistan
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  • Algeria
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  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
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  • Aruba
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  • Azerbaijan
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  • Bahrain
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  • Jersey
  • Bangladesh
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  • Belarus
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  • Belize
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  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • Chinese Taipei^Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong (China)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Authority
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Bolivia
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Moldova
  • Congo
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • Tanzania
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Viet Nam
  • Wallis and Futuna
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Curaçao
  • Bonaire
  • Saba
  • Topics list