Country Programmable Aid (CPA) is the portion of aid donors programme for individual countries, and over which partner countries could have a significant say. Developed in 2007 in close collaboration with OECD DAC members, CPA is much closer to capturing the flows of aid that go to the partner countries than the concept of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
The concept of official development assistance (ODA) covers a range of assistance from developed to developing countries. CPA is much closer than ODA to capturing the flows of aid that goes to the partner country, and has been proven in several studies to be a good proxy of aid recorded at country level.
... is useful for analysing concentration across and within countries and agencies. CPA captures the main cross-border aid flows to recipient countries and has been tested against country-level information and found to provide a good approximation of the overall flows expected to appear in country aid information systems.
... helps aid transparency and predictability through a consistent measure of past and future aid flows.
... is a useful way of comparing in-country financial impact across donors. The huge variance (low of 21% (Austria), high of 91% (Portugal) in 2011) in the CPA share of donors' bilateral ODA deserves to be more widely discussed. The policy principle is that CPA should benchmark the intensity and coherence of donor effort at country level.