New figures released today show
that aid dropped in 2006 for the first time since 1997.
Aid dropped 5.1 per
cent from 106.8 billion in 2005 – a record high – to 103.9 billion in
The high levels in 2005
were due largely to debt relief operations in Iraq and Nigeria.
Excluding debt relief, other forms of
aid fell by 1.8 per cent.
ODA is expected to fall again in 2007 as debt relief tails off.
Programme and project aid should then increase as donors fulfil more
Sixteen of the DAC’s 22 member countries met the 2006 targets for ODA that they
set at the 2002 Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development.
Aid to sub-Saharan Africa, excluding debt relief, was static in 2006,
leaving a challenge to meet the Gleneagles G8 summit commitment to
double aid to Africa by 2010.
In the meantime, OECD DAC ministers and heads of aid agencies are meeting
this week to
determine internationally acceptable Principles for Good International
Engagement in Fragile States. You can read a
draft version of the Principles here.
Ministers will also look at how to fight corruption more effectively, and
how to improve security sector reform in developing countries.
A new OECD DAC Handbook on SSR, Supporting Security and Justice,
has just been released. It was developed for and by members of the
development community and their security and diplomatic colleagues,
and therefore it incorporates knowledge of the political, governance
and technical nature of security sector reform. The handbook is based on
experience gathered from countries that have already done reforms, and
on the international community's work in supporting conflict
prevention and peace building over the past decade. It aims to close
the gap between policy and practice and contains valuable tools to
help make security sector reform more effective.