Tax to GDP ratios
Japan is in the lower rank of OECD countries in respect of size of tax to GDP ratio with a ratio of 28.6% of GDP in 2011, 5.5 percentage points below the OECD measure of 34.1%. The ratio declined from 26.6% in 2000 to 25.3% in 2003 before rising to 28.5% in 2007. It then fell back to 27.0% in 2009 before recovering in 2010 and 2011.
The main observations for Japan are:
- Revenue from personal and corporate income taxes was 9.3% of GDP in 2000 and 8.8% in 2012. In 2011, it was 8.3%, below the OECD average of 11.3%.
- The tax ratio for Social security contributions rose from 9.4% in 2000 to 11.9% in 2011, above the OECD average of 9.1%.
- The tax ratio for Taxes on goods and services was stable at 5% of GDP over the period and at 5.3% in 2011 was less than half the OECD average of 11.0%.
- Property tax revenues were 2.8% of GDP in 2011, 50% above the OECD average of 1.8%.
- Japan has not provided data for 2012.
- OECD averages are not available for 2012 as 5 OECD countries have not provided data for that year.
- More comparative information about OECD member countries is contained in the tables linked within the following webpages:
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