Tax policy analysis

Revenue Statistics country note for Estonia

 

Tax to GDP ratios

Between 2000 and 2008, the tax to GDP ratio in Estonia was stable in the range of 31.0% to 31.9%, below the OECD average. In 2009 it rose above the OECD figure to 35.3% and remained there in 2010 when it was 34.0% compared with the average of 33.8%. The 2011 and 2012 measures of 32.3% and 32.5% have slipped below the OECD average, replicating the situation between 2000 and 2008.

Tax structures

The main observations for Estonia are:

  • Revenue from personal and corporate income taxes declined from 7.7% in 2000 to 6.8% of GDP in 2012 and was 6.5% of GDP in 2011, well below the OECD average of 11.4%.
  • The tax ratio for Social security contributions rose from 10.9% in 2000 to 13.1% in 2010 but fell back to 11.9% in 2011 but was still above the OECD average of 9.1% in 2011.
  • Taxes on goods and services increased from 11.9% of GDP in 2000 to 13.4% in 2011 and were above the OECD average of 11.0%.
  • Property tax revenues were 0.3% of GDP in 2011, well below the OECD average.

Notes

 

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