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High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.
How do taxes affect the level of employment? What reforms can reduce unemployment and increase labour force participation? These questions are answered in OECD Tax Policy Study No. 21: Taxation and Employment.
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The report provides both a broad overview of the effects of taxation on employment as well as a detailed analysis of selected issues.
Many governments are facing historic high levels of deficit and debt. Public spending has risen and they are taking in less money as tax revenues fall. Governments are attempting to consolidate their budgets, looking for the appropriate balance between expenditure cuts and revenue increases.
Tax revenues fell in cash terms during 2009 in most OECD countries, driven downward by declining economic activity and tax cuts aimed at cushioning the effects of the recession that followed the financial crisis.
In the wake of the recent financial and economic crisis, how OECD countries can face the challenge of restoring public finances without jeopardising economic growth?
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Given the current high levels of budget deficits and government debt, Governments recognize that they need to consolidate their budgets. Taxes can give rise to a multitude of disincentives to work, invest and innovate, with adverse effects on economic growth and welfare.
Many countries will likely face the need to increase tax revenues, as part of fiscal consolidation, during the next few years. But how is this best done? And what are the considerations when choosing between raising tax rates and broadening the tax base by scaling back or abolishing targeted tax provisions (such as allowances, exemptions and preferential rates)? This report aims to answer such questions by taking a close look at the
Given the current high levels of budget deficits and government debt, Governments recognize that they need to consolidate their budgets. Taxes can give rise to a multitude of disincentives to work, invest and innovate, with adverse effects on economic growth and welfare. But how can such distortions be minimised?
English, , 508kb
Taxation, Innovation and the Environment (Chinese version)