2013 Global Relations Calendar of Events
In order to participate in one of the events below, please contact your appropriate country representative and for any other questions please contact us: CTP.GlobalRelations@oecd.org
Detailed Event Descriptions:
1. Tax Treaties: Special Issues (TT1)
The purpose of this seminar is to provide participants with a working knowledge of the application and interpretation of double tax agreements. It involves an examination of selected articles found in double tax agreements and key issues such as treaty interpretation. The seminar is orientated towards practical issues. As such, the participants are expected to consider a number of case studies in groups and to be prepared to discuss their views and experiences.
Target Audience: The event will be especially useful for experienced policy-makers and administrators having the background necessary for the negotiation, interpretation and application of tax treaties.
2. Advanced Application of Tax Treaties (TT2)
The Advanced Application of Tax Treaties seminar is an advanced version of the OECD’s popular Tax Treaties Special Issues seminar. This seminar examines a smaller number of important and challenging tax treaty issues in much greater depth. The main focus is on understanding current problems and consideration of possible solutions. Participants are encouraged to share their experiences and provide descriptions of treaty application problems and abuses that they have encountered.
Target Audience: Participants must have a good understanding of how tax treaties are applied and preferably will have previously attended TT1 or have experience with tax treaties. The seminar is intended to be especially useful for senior officials who are, or will be, involved with the application of tax treaties, consideration of competent authority issues and the negotiation of tax treaties for their country.
3. Implementing Transfer Pricing (TP)
The purpose of the event is to discuss the policy and administrative issues that face countries introducing or extending transfer pricing legislation or looking to increase their transfer pricing audit capacity. The event discusses the objectives of implementing TP legislation - to protect tax base against transfer of profits abroad, while avoiding double taxation that would be detrimental to FDI.
The event also discusses how to achieve these objectives from a legislation perspective - what is needed in country legislation, the relationship with tax treaties, etc. Finally we consider how to achieve these objectives from an administrative perspective - where to start from and how to build the administrative capacity over time, especially where resources are scarce.
Target audience: The event is aimed at policy makers in Ministry of Finance or Tax Administration with responsibility for drafting legislation, and high level administrators in charge of organizing the Transfer Pricing function. The event does not cover in detail transfer pricing methods or the practicalities of transfer pricing auditing. It is therefore not suitable for operational transfer pricing auditors (Courses 4, TP1; 5, TP2; 22 AME1; 23 AME2 are more relevant for such officials).
4. Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TP1)
The course aims to provide an introduction to transfer pricing issues, largely by looking in detail at the OECD transfer pricing guidelines. The topics covered include a description of the arm’s length principle and allowable transfer pricing methodologies, comparability, risk and functional analyses in special problem areas, such as intangibles and services. Particular attention is also given to the application of both traditional and profit methods. This event includes an in depth look at management fees and other intra-group services. The course is designed to be practical in nature, so the topics covered are illustrated by the frequent use of case studies. Time should also be available for a discussion of any difficulties experienced by participants.
Target audience: Senior administrators involved in organising, managing and conducting transfer pricing audits of multinational enterprises.
5. Intermediate Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TP2)
The purpose of this event is to discuss in detail some of the more difficult practical and theoretical issues arising in transfer pricing. Items discussed include the latest OECD work on comparability and profit methods, practical case studies on intangibles and cost contribution arrangements, and dispute resolution/prevention processes such as Mutual Agreement Procedures, Arbitration and Advance Pricing Arrangements. The event also discusses techniques to improve the efficiency of transfer pricing administration, in particular risk assessment techniques.
Target audience: The event assumes prior knowledge of transfer pricing. Participants should therefore either have attended the Introductory Transfer Pricing Event (Transfer Pricing Guidelines TP1) or be experienced transfer pricing auditors or be involved in Competent Authority work.
6. Advanced Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TP3)
The purpose of this event is to discuss in detail some of the more difficult practical and theoretical issues arising in transfer pricing. Items discussed include the latest OECD work on comparability and profit methods, practical case studies on intangibles and business reorganisations. Issues raised by recent transfer pricing court cases will be discussed. Participants are strongly encouraged to provide anonymised case studies in advance of the meeting which can then be used as a basis for discussion at the appropriate point during the event.
Target audience: The event assumes prior knowledge of transfer pricing. Participants should therefore either have attended the Introductory transfer Pricing Event (Transfer Pricing Guidelines) or be experienced transfer pricing auditors or be involved in Competent Authority work.
7. Train the Trainers on Transfer Pricing
The purpose of this programme is to building participant’s skills to conduct transfer pricing training in their own country. The programme focuses both on presentational skills and technical aspects of transfer pricing and is in three phases. The first phase consists of a desk study based on reading materials provided and a questionnaire to test the participant’s knowledge both of basic transfer pricing and facilitation skills. The second phase of the programme consists of a skills building workshop where participants will be provided with materials to take back and use to train tax staff in their own country including power point presentations, case studies and keys, course notes for presenters and background reference materials plus training materials on effective communication and presentation skills. The third phase is an implementation phase where participants develop, submit to the OECD Secretariat and implement an Action Plan for the delivery of workshops for other tax officials in their country. This delivery process will be evaluated by the OECD Secretariat and an accredited certificate issued to the programme participant at completion.
Target Audience: The programme assumes prior knowledge of transfer pricing. Participants should therefore be experienced transfer pricing auditors or be involved in Competent Authority work, and should expect to be involved in delivering country or regional training programmes on transfer pricing.
8. Case Studies in Transfer Pricing
This is a very practical programme aimed at exploring how the Transfer Pricing Guidelines can be applied to selected case studies. The case studies to be analysed during the event will normally be real-life cases, provided by the participants to the experts’ team in advance (previously deleting the identity of the taxpayer and any references that could compromise the privacy of the taxpayer) or cases selected by the event leader and experts from previous editions of this event that have shown its usefulness.
Target Audience: The programme assumes prior knowledge of transfer pricing. Participants should therefore have attended either the Introductory Transfer Pricing Event (Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TP1) and / or the Intermediate transfer pricing event (TP2)) or be experienced transfer pricing auditors or involved in Competent Authority work.
9. Workshop on Transfer Pricing Dispute Resolution
The purpose of this event is to discuss mechanisms to prevent and resolve transfer pricing disputes with a view to efficiently avoid or eliminate double taxation. The workshop is designed to address the theoretical and practical issues arising in the resolution and avoidance of transfer pricing disputes. The topics covered include administrative and juridical appeals, corresponding adjustments, Mutual Agreement Procedures (MAPs), arbitration, rulings, safe harbours, and Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs). The topics are illustrated by case studies and role plays. Participants are strongly encouraged to present their countries’ legislation and practices regarding dispute avoidance and resolution during the event. Time will also be available for a discussion of any difficulties and experiences by participants.
Target audience: Senior administrators involved in Competent Authority or APA work, as well as policy makers with an interest in MAPs, Arbitration and APAs and the use of safe harbours and other dispute prevention measures. The event assumes prior knowledge of transfer pricing. Participants should therefore either have attended the Introductory Transfer Pricing Event (Transfer Pricing Guidelines TP1) or have otherwise become familiar with the main concepts of transfer pricing, the arm’s length principle including comparability, and the OECD transfer pricing methods.
10. Transfer Pricing Aspects of Extractive Industry
The purpose of this event is to discuss in detail some of the more difficult typical transfer pricing issues arising in the extractive industry at both practical and theoretical level. The topics covered include the application of the arm’s length principle, performing a comparability (including functional) analysis and the selection and application of OECD recognised methods in the extractive industry. The event includes a closer look at specific services (including high value added services) rendered to the extractive industry, the use of intangibles in the extractive industry and practical case studies illustrating the particularities of the extractive industry. Participants are strongly encouraged to provide anonymised case studies related to the extractive industry in advance of the event which can then be used as a basis for discussion at the appropriate time during the event.
Target audience: the event assumes prior knowledge of transfer pricing and the extractive industry. Participants should be experienced transfer pricing officers and actively engaged in auditing the extractive industry.
11. Transfer Pricing and Customs Valuation
This is a new event which aims to explore how Customs and Revenue authorities can work together to improve compliance with both regimes and provide taxpayers with a more joined-up and consistent approach.
The workshops will be organized in partnership between the OECD and the World Customs Organisation and co-delivered by transfer pricing and customs valuation specialists from both organizations. Through the use of case-studies, the workshops will explore the processes countries have in place for the administration of their Customs Valuation and Transfer Pricing regimes, and consider how the two regimes might co-operate to support compliance and ensure consistency of approach.
Target audience: Officials from country Revenue and Customs authorities with prior knowledge of transfer pricing and customs valuation.
12. Taxation of Non-Residents
Countries throughout the world are interested in attracting human and investment capital from abroad to improve productivity and economic growth. Much of this activity is undertaken by non-residents, including permanent establishments. This workshop focuses on the major policy and administrative issues unique to the taxation of income earned by non-residents. Key issues addressed are the definition of non-residents, common statutory source rules, anti-abuse rules and special administrative rules for non-residents. We will also look closely at the recent treaty developments in defining and attributing profit to permanent establishments. All topics are illustrated through case studies to ensure the course is of practical use to the participants. Time is also set aside to discuss country specific problems in the taxation of non-residents.
Target Audience: Officials from Ministries of Finance and Tax Administrations who have responsibility for treaties and the taxation of non-residents.
13. Islamic Finance
As financial markets are progressively liberalised and markets innovate replacing conventional financial products with more flexible products, Shariah compliant finance is experiencing a steady and sustainable growth. The increasing use of both innovative and Shariah compliant financial products by taxpayers presents challenges for tax administrations worldwide. These challenges and how various countries respond to them are the focus of this event, providing a forum for participating countries to share and discuss their respective approaches to the taxation of Islamic financial arrangements and initiatives. The various options in tax policy and administration to deal with such instruments, as well as the approaches taken by a variety of OECD countries, will be reviewed.
Target audience: Senior tax policy makers or administrators involved in the taxation of financial instruments. The participants should ideally have already had some experience in determining policies for the taxation of financial instruments, whether from a corporate or individual income tax perspective, with an interest in how countries recognise Islamic finance transactions for tax purposes, particularly in an international tax context.
14. Exchange of Information for tax purposes
Exchange of information between tax administrations is the most effective way of combating international tax avoidance and evasion. The aim of this workshop is to share the experiences of OECD and non-OECD economies as regards the exchange of tax information between competent authorities; and to identify ways of improving the efficiency of this process. The workshop will draw upon OECD work in this area. The underlying legal basis for international exchange of information will be examined (Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, Model TIEA, revised Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, other relevant regional instruments on Mutual Assistance). Cases studies will illustrate the key concepts of exchange of information highlighting the balance between the legal obligation to exchange and the limitations that protect taxpayers’ rights in exchange of information. Besides exchange on request other forms of exchange (spontaneous, automatic, simultaneous tax examinations) will also be presented. Practical advice will be provided on how to organise a Competent Authority Unit, on how to raise the awareness of tax examiners about the potential of exchange of information, and how to make a request for information and to respond to a request.
Target audience: Senior tax and finance officials involved in the legal and practical aspects of exchange of information with tax treaty partners (i.e. competent authority work), heads of Large Taxpayer Units, senior managers of international tax audit departments.
15. Automatic Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (AEOI)
Automatic exchange of information involves the systematic and periodic transmission of large volumes of information by the source country to the residence country concerning various categories of income, change of residence etc. The aim of this workshop is to share experiences of OECD and non-OECD economies as regards automatic exchange of information between competent authorities.
This workshop will present the legal basis for AEOI including the multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, what types of information can be exchanged automatically and examples of MOU on automatic exchange. It will describe the various phases of AEOI from the sending country to the receiving country: the capture of the data, their transmission in a standardised manner, the secure systems for transmission, the ways to use the information in the receiving country for data matching against tax returns, risk assessment and tax compliance projects, the importance of providing feedback to the sending country etc.
The workshop will draw upon OECD work in this area: the OECD Model MOU for automatic exchange, the Module on Automatic Exchange of the OECD Manual on exchange of information and the latest OECD standard for automatic exchange STF 2.1 www.oecd.org/ctp/eoi/toolkit
Target audience: Senior tax officials involved in the legal and practical aspects of exchange of information with tax treaty partners (i.e. competent authority work), technical and IT experts.
16. Tax and Crime: detecting illicit financial activities
There are substantial similarities between the techniques used to launder the proceeds of crimes and to commit tax crimes. Tax administrations are now recognising that they can play an important role in detecting and deterring money laundering and other financial crimes. In a recent international survey, anti-money laundering experts have identified tax crime as one of the top three sources of dirty money that criminals seek to hide in the financial system.
Criminals accumulate significant sums of money by committing crimes such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, theft, investment fraud, extortion, corruption, embezzlement and tax fraud. Money laundering is a serious threat to the legal economy and affects the integrity of financial institutions. It also changes the economic power in certain sectors. If left unchecked, it will corrupt society as a whole.
The seminar considers the roles of tax administration in combating illicit financial activities and the tools available to them. It also focuses on how tax examiners and tax auditors can identify possible cases of money laundering or bribery during the course of civil tax audits and examinations. Supporting material for the seminar are the OECD awareness handbooks on money laundering and bribery. Participants will acquire more advanced knowledge on detection techniques and have access to additional resources to be able to give advice.
Target audience: It is recommended that participants be senior or managerial tax auditors or examiners with an interest in running Money Laundering and Bribery Awareness seminars in their home countries.
17. International Tax Avoidance
This event examines common techniques used by multinational enterprises to reduce their tax burden, with a particular emphasis on tax avoidance in international transactions, and how the different techniques to erode the taxable base and/or to shift profits to where they are subject to a more favourable treatment can be combined. The event focuses on common planning techniques used in relation to financing activities, holding activities and supply chain management. It also addresses responses enacted by governments in their domestic laws and international tax treaties, such as general and specific anti-avoidance measures. A significant part of the workshop will be devoted to case studies and country-specific experience. It will allow experts to share views and experiences, as well as legislative and practical approaches. Participants will be expected to actively contribute and should be prepared to present experiences made in their countries.
Target audience: Senior officials from the Ministry of Finance and the Tax Administration who deal with the taxation of large taxpayers and multinational enterprises and have a good understanding of international tax concepts.
18. Tax Incentives and Investment: Monitoring, Estimating and Reporting Tax Expenditures
Many countries around the world use tax incentives to attract investment and promote economic activity. Given the scarcity of fiscal resources, it is crucial that governments adopt a coherent approach to tax incentives to ensure that such incentives are cost-effective. Drawing on extensive research undertaken by the OECD and other international organisations, this course examines how investment tax incentives work in theory and in practice, as well as their economic advantages and disadvantages. In particular, the course focuses on the policy design features that determine whether particular tax incentives are likely to deliver cost-effective and sustainable benefits. Examples of successful and failed tax incentive program are illustrated through group case studies.
Target Audience: Policymakers responsible for formulating or evaluating tax incentive programs and tax administrators responsible for administering incentives.
19. Tax Policy Analysis
The workshop on tax policy analysis discusses the tax policy criteria that help designing pro-growth and efficient as well as fair tax systems that reduce compliance costs for taxpayers, raise sufficient revenue and are simple to administer and enforce. The tax policy criteria will be applied to a number of topics of interest to senior tax policy makers. The topics considered in this workshop will evolve from year to year, at least in part, to cover tax policy areas of current and particular interest to OECD and non-OECD countries alike. For example, the workshop could focus on the following areas: i) linkages between taxation (mainly corporate income tax) and domestic and foreign direct investment; ii) taxation and innovation; iii) environmental (or ‘green’) tax reforms; iv) taxation and savings; v) taxation and employment as well as skills formation; vi) taxation and the financial crisis; vii) pro-economic growth tax reform; viii) strategies that allow making fundamental tax reform happen; ix) tax and inequality; x) tax and informality. The workshop will also focus on the most recent tax policy trends, reforms and challenges in OECD and non-OECD countries as well as on tax indicators and models that are typically applied to assess tax policy. Participants are encouraged to draw to the attention of the workshop organizers other tax policy issues which are of particular interest to their country and which they would like to see covered during the workshop. Case study analysis and presentations are also encouraged.
Target Audience: senior tax policy makers who are actively involved in debating and designing tax policies in their countries.
20. Tax Expenditures and Effect Analysis
Many countries around the world grant special tax provisions (often through their tax legislations) in the form of exemptions from tax, reductions of tax liability (deductions and credits), or tax rates that are lower than the ‘standard rate’. These targeted tax reliefs are often called tax expenditures because they can be seen as equivalent to public expenditure implemented through the tax system. While there might be ‘good’ economic reasons for the introduction of these reliefs (e.g. to correct market failures by encouraging a specific economic behaviour, or contribute to redistributing income), they entail a loss of government revenues, which necessarily means that other taxes have to be higher than they otherwise would be (and/or government expenditure reduced). These higher rates may create additional efficiency losses and have adverse effects on income distribution and on administrative and compliance costs. Drawing on work undertaken by the OECD and countries’ experiences, this event examines a methodology to evaluate whether the benefits of preferential tax treatments actually outweigh their costs. In particular, we will focus on practical tools to estimate the revenue forgone of tax expenditures and the development of a framework to assess whether they are achieving their objectives in a cost-efficient manner.
Target Audience: Policymakers responsible for formulating or evaluating tax expenditures and tax administrators responsible for administering them.
21. Property Taxation
The aim of the property tax workshop is to provide participants with a thorough knowledge of the different types of property taxes that are levied on immovable (residential and business) property in OECD and non-OECD countries, the impact of these taxes on economic growth, housing prices and the income distribution, the role of property taxes in the financing of sub-central levels of government (i.e. why are recurrent taxes on immovable levied by sub-central levels of government in so many countries), the tax policy criteria which provide guidance on how to design real property taxes (i.e. focusing on efficiency, fairness, revenue potential, accountability, etc.), how to levy recurrent taxes on immovable property in a progressive way, the advantages and disadvantages of transaction taxes on immovable property, an evaluation of the rationale for tax incentives for (residential and business) real property, and the actual experience of OECD countries with taxes on immovable property. The workshop discusses in great detail the valuation of real property, focusing on the different methods that can be used to value real property, a discussion of statistical valuation methods that can be applied, the experiences in OECD and non-OECD countries and some of the best valuation practices, providing also guidance on how to strengthen the valuation methodology in the countries that participate in the workshop. The workshop discusses also the key characteristics and management of fiscal registers and cadastres and the tax administration aspects of property taxation.
Target Audience: senior tax policy makers and administrators who are involved in the design and implementation of real estate taxes in their countries.
22. Income Tax Workshop
The purpose of this workshop on income tax is to discuss significant tax policy issues in a multilateral setting and to share country experiences on these issues. The content of this workshop is decided on an annual basis in consultation with the participants in order to focus on the most pressing issues facing countries. Topics that have been discussed in previous years include taxation of re-organizations, flat vs. progressive personal income tax rates, EU Directives, tax treatment of revaluation of assets, derivatives and options, tax treatment of employees vs. independent contractors and thin capitalisation rules. Participants are invited to present their country experiences and practical cases relevant to the topics for discussion.
Target Audience: Policy-makers and senior administrators involved in designing and implementing tax reforms.
23. VAT Policy
Value Added Tax (VAT) is a major revenue raiser for governments around the world and its importance continues to increase. Over 150 countries operate a VAT today, twice as many as in 1992, and this number continues to grow. Many developing countries have adopted VATs during the last two decades to replace lost revenues from trade taxes following trade liberalisation. VAT now raises some 20% of the world’s tax revenues, and many countries are seeking to raise additional revenues from VAT (rather than other taxes) as part of their fiscal consolidation strategies. Finding sensible solutions in the continuing process of improving the efficiency of the VAT system, increasing compliance and adapting to changing economic conditions are among the common challenges faced by countries around the world. Moreover, in a globalised and interrelated economy, there is an urgent need to remove the obstacles created by the currently uncoordinated interaction of VAT systems. In response, the OECD is developing the International VAT/GST Guidelines as an internationally agreed standard for applying VAT to cross-border trade.
Drawing on the outcome of discussions held at the first meeting of the OECD Global Forum on VAT (November 2012), this event will provide a review of the basic structure of the VAT; examine specific problems in the design and implementation of the VAT and discuss policy options to simplify the administration and facilitate compliance.
Target Audience: Senior tax policymakers and tax administrators with responsibility for indirect tax policy/administration and/or tax administration more generally.
24. Auditing Multinational Enterprises (AME1)
The objectives of the seminar are to provide participants with a basic knowledge of the issues to anticipate when auditing multinational enterprises. The seminar includes discussions of the most significant legal and practical issues to be taken into account. It deals with the creation and legal significance of a multinational enterprise (MNE), the tax principles underlying the operation of an MNE, tax avoidance and anti-avoidance strategies, the operation of tax treaties, and an introduction to transfer pricing and thin capitalisation issues. Furthermore, the “best practice” audit approaches that are adopted to deal with these entities by OECD countries as well as countries participating in the seminar will be examined. Audit examples are included as far as possible to encourage debate and provide a practical basis for the examination of these issues in the work place. The seminar will also deal with the relevant administrative provisions, information requirements and the audit process itself in order to facilitate the work of tax examiners who may have only limited expertise.
Target Audience: senior and middle tax administrators and tax inspectors responsible for or engaged in the audit of multinational enterprises.
25. Advanced Auditing Multinational Enterprises (AME2)
The purpose of this event is to discuss strategies for auditing the international aspects of multinational enterprises, with a particular focus on transfer pricing. The event begins with a discussion on the typical features of MNEs and the taxation issues involved in auditing them. This is followed by a case study extending over 4 days that provides an opportunity to discuss the steps MNEs typically take to plan the amount of tax they pay, and where, and the practical issues auditors face. The case study emphasises the importance of information gathering and the utilisation of the information to secure well founded adjustments which are acceptable to the multinational enterprise and other interested tax administrations.
Target audience: senior or experienced auditors dealing with large multinational enterprises, as well as policy makers with an interest in audit practices. They should be familiar with the main concepts of transfer pricing, the arm’s length principle and OECD transfer pricing methods.
26. Auditing Small and Medium Enterprises (ASME1)
The objectives of this seminar are to discuss strategies to fight domestic tax abuses and to discuss the roles of the audit process within these overall strategies in particular aimed at small and medium size businesses. The seminar will include discussions of compliance risk management, risk identification, resource planning, communications with the taxpayer, the preparation of an audit, the audit work programme, reporting and final assessment. Dialogues on taxpayers' rights and obligations, on appropriate legislation and basic audit theory will also be included in this workshop. A significant part of the seminar will be devoted to practical cases to allow participants to familiarise themselves with the common practical audit tools and techniques. The practical cases will also deal with the auditing of electronic records. The main purpose for this event is to provide the participants with a sound understanding of tax audits and a comprehensive toolkit for auditing. At the same time, the participants will be encouraged to develop a creative approach to deal with most domestic audit cases as well as with problems of the shadow economy.
Target Audience: tax auditors as well as policy makers who are interested in audit practices.
27. Advanced Auditing Small and Medium Enterprises (ASME2)
The aim of this seminar is to discuss in more detail the topics analysed in ASME1, as well as strategies to improve taxpayer compliance and discussions on case selection for audit. Attention will also be paid to evaluation and performance measurement. Methods of indirect income measurement will be explored in more depth by discussing practical cases to improve basic understanding of these methods and to further improve participant’s skills to implement these methods in their daily practise. The seminar will also deal with new developed strategies and practices to counteract non-compliant business taxpayers. The main purpose for this event is to provide the participants with a sound understanding of tax audits at advanced level and a comprehensive toolkit for auditing. At the same time, the participants will be further encouraged to develop creative approaches to deal with most domestic audit cases as well as with problems of the shadow economy.
Target Audience: (senior) tax auditors as well as policy makers who are interested in audit practices.
28. Tax Administration
The course aims to provide a general introduction to tax administration issues based on practices and experiences in OECD countries. The topics covered include organization and management of tax administration, including core tasks, autonomy and mission statements of Tax administrations, improving taxpayers’ compliance, the need for a strategic approach, and compliance risk management. Principals and process of tax assessment will be discussed including registration and filing, electronic filing and pre-populated tax returns, withholding at source, provisional and final assessment. Attention is also given to risk selection, verification and audit and to administrative powers of tax administrations, the rights and obligations of taxpayers, and taxpayer service. The seminar will also deal with appeal procedures, the handling of contentious cases, and with administrative sanctions and interest regimes and criminal cases. Finally attention will be given to staffing and performance issues including complaints about the performance of the Tax Administration.
Target audience: Officials from Ministries of Finance and Tax Administrations who deal with designing and implementing systems for tax administration and tax inspectors and auditors dealing with tax assessment, verification and audit and handling contentious cases.
29. Tax Administration: Risk Management and Taxpayer Service
The course aims to provide a broad overview of principles and practices of Risk Management and Taxpayer Service in OECD countries. The course considers ways for Tax Administrations to find a balance between service and enforcement activities.
The topics covered include organization and management of tax administration, general principles and practises of compliance risk management, including risk identification, risk analysis, risk assessment, risk treatment and evaluation, understanding taxpayer behaviour and developing strategies to influence taxpayer behaviour, improving taxpayers’ compliance, the need for a strategic approach and compliance measurement.
The topics in the area of taxpayer service include the mission, vision, goals and values of taxpayer service, taxpayer rights and service delivery standards, market segmentation in service delivery, the use of modern technology, the design of tax awareness programmes, taxpayer assistance programmes and outreach activities, channel strategies and the usage of call centres, government wide programmes to reduce administrative compliance costs for taxpayers, standardization and evaluation of taxpayer service programmes and measurement of performance of tax administrations.
Target audience: Officials from Ministries of Finance and Tax Administrations, involved in designing and implementing tax administration systems, managers of Tax offices and tax inspectors, auditors and other officials dealing with risk management and taxpayer service.
30. Tax Administration of Personal Income Tax
The course aims to provide an overview of the administration of Personal Income Tax based on practices and experiences in OECD countries. The topics covered include characteristics of Personal Income Tax systems, and the characteristics of the different categories of taxpayers paying PIT, improving taxpayer awareness of their rights and obligations and improving compliance by providing information and assistance to taxpayers.
Furthermore principles and processes of tax assessment will be discussed including registration and filing, electronic filing and pre populated tax returns, withholding at source systems, and provisional and final assessment, including assessment by estimation.
Attention will also be given to administrative aspects of particular elements of PIT legislation such as the integration of PIT and Corporate Income Tax (CIT) systems, the taxation of capital gains, the taxation of non cash benefits and the taxation of cash transactions
The seminar will also deal with domestic information exchange between regions and with third parties on individual taxpayers and relevant relationships such as family members and business.
Finally attention will be given to staffing and performance issues including public surveys and the handling of complaints about the performance of the Tax Administration.
Target audience: Participants would be tax officials working in the area of Personal Income Tax.
31. Taking Advantage of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters
This Multilateral Convention was originally developed by the Council of Europe and the OECD and opened for signature in 1988. In April 2009, the G20 called for action “to make it easier for developing countries to secure the benefits of the new co-operative tax environment, including a multilateral approach for the exchange of information.” In response the OECD and the Council of Europe developed a Protocol amending the multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters to bring it in line with the international standard on exchange of information for tax purposes and to open it up to all countries.
The amended Convention facilitates international co-operation for a better operation of national tax laws, while respecting the fundamental rights of taxpayers. The amended Convention provides for all possible forms of administrative co-operation between the Parties in the assessment and collection of taxes, in particular with a view to combating tax avoidance and evasion. This co-operation ranges from exchange of information, including automatic exchanges, to the assistance in the recovery of foreign tax claims.
The Convention also provides for the possibility of sharing of information obtained for tax purposes by tax authorities with law enforcement and judicial authorities if certain conditions are met. It will allow to fight tax crimes and other financial crimes more effectively by allowing tax and law enforcement agencies to cooperate more closely as recommended in the OECD ‘‘Oslo Dialogue’’ to promote a whole of government approach to tackling financial crimes and illicit flows.
This event will discuss the multiple ways to take advantage of this powerful instrument in the areas of exchange of information, assistance in tax collection, exchange of tax intelligence, bilateral/multilateral simultaneous tax examinations and joint audits covering both direct and indirect taxes etc. It will also discuss under what conditions the information received may be shared with law enforcement and judicial authorities to fight money laundering and corruption.
Target audience: Senior tax and finance officials involved in the legal and practical aspects of exchange of information and assistance in tax collection (i.e. competent authority work), heads of Large Taxpayer Units, senior managers of international tax audit departments).
32. Effectiveness and Efficiency in Tax Administration: Organisation, Management, Technology
In today’s rapidly changing environment revenue bodies are being asked to do more with less, to take on new tasks, and at the same time ensure that governments have the revenues they need to finance important programmes that benefit their citizens. The recent economic crisis has accentuated these pressures, particularly with respect to the handling of refunds.
This event, drawing on the comparative information collected by the Forum on Tax Administration (FTA) in its Comparative Information Series, will discuss the different structures, functions, and performance of revenue bodies in OECD countries and around the world. It will also showcase the work that the Forum on Tax Administration is currently developing in the field of applied technology.
Target audience: Officials from Ministries of Finance and Tax Administrations who deal with designing and implementing systems for tax administration
33. Instruments to Strengthen Tax Compliance
Drawing on the work of the Forum on Tax Administration during the last decade, this event will cover a wide range of strategies that revenue administration can adopt to strengthen tax compliance, including risk assessment and risk management, preventative techniques, strengthening audit capabilities, building transparency and trust with selected taxpayers, taxpayer segmentation for targeted strategies, Aggressive Tax Planning and disclosure regimes, offshore compliance and different forms of engaging with taxpayers according to their tax behaviour.
Target audience: Officials from Ministries of Finance and Tax Administrations who deal with designing and implementing systems for tax administration.