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  • 28-October-2010

    English

    Global Relations in Taxation

    The Global Relations Tax Programme offers a mechanism to share experiences on common issues and develop solutions to emerging challenges in tax policy and administration.

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  • 28-October-2010

    English

    Choosing a Broad Base - Low Rate Approach to Taxation

    Many countries will likely face the need to increase tax revenues, as part of fiscal consolidation, during the next few years. But how is this best done? And what are the considerations when choosing between raising tax rates and broadening the tax base by scaling back or abolishing targeted tax provisions (such as allowances, exemptions and preferential rates)? This report aims to answer such questions by taking a close look at the economic and political factors that influence governments’ tax decisions. 

    Although many countries have broadened their tax bases over the past 30 years, targeted tax provisions, notably tax expenditures, continue to be significant.  Like public expenditure, targeted tax reliefs mean that (other) tax rates need to be higher in order to finance these reliefs. This report therefore discusses whether such tax provisions continue to be worthwhile. It includes an annex covering country-specific revenue forgone estimates of tax expenditures for selected OECD countries.  

    This report also identifies political factors, including the lobbying of influential interest groups, as the main obstacles to base-broadening reforms, and it considers how reforms can be best packaged and presented to overcome such obstacles.

  • 28-October-2010

    English

  • 27-October-2010

    English, PDF, 1,249kb

  • 27-October-2010

    English, PDF, 728kb

    Understanding and Influencing Taxpayers' Compliance Behaviour

    This information note describes the findings from a survey to member countries and studies of scientific literature on taxpayer compliance behaviour. The purpose is to describe current knowledge on taxpayer compliance behaviour in order to assist countries in their effort to cost effectively influence taxpayer behaviour to improve compliance.

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  • 22-October-2010

    English

    2010 OECD Study on Offshore Voluntary Disclosure

    Vast amounts of tax are lost to offshore tax evasion every year. Certain estimates put the number at 100 billion $ for the United States alone. This publication shows how 39 countries (all OECD members as well as Argentina, China, India, Russia, and South Africa) deal with offshore tax evasion.

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  • 20-October-2010

    English

    United States: OECD recognises anti-bribery enforcement and recommends enhancements

    Transnational bribery enforcement under the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) has increased significantly since the last OECD evaluation of the implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention by the United States, according to a new OECD report.

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  • 19-October-2010

    English, , 247kb

    Meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes

    Speech by Jeffrey Owens delivered at the Meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes that was held on 29-30 September 2010 in Singapore. Jeffrey Owens talks about the impact of the crisis and governments’ attitudes towards tax compliance, cooperation between tax and other law enforcement agencies, the role of taxation in development and a renewed emphasis on confidentiality and taxpayers’

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  • 14-October-2010

    English, PDF, 209kb

    2010 Council Recommendation to facilitate co-operation between tax and other law enforcement authorities to combat serious crimes

    The OECD Council adopted on 14 October 2010 a new Recommendation to strengthen the role of tax authorities in the combat against bribery that succeeds to the 2009 Recommendation.

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  • 13-October-2010

    English

    Taxation, Innovation and the Environment

    Solving the world’s environmental problems could take a significant toll on economic growth if only today’s technologies are available. We know that  innovation – the creation and adoption of new cleaner technologies and know-how – provides a means to achieve local and global environmental goals at significantly lower costs. Innovation is also a major driver of economic growth.  

    OECD governments are increasingly using environmentally related taxes because they are typically one of the most effective policy tools available. Exploring the relationship between environmentally related taxation and innovation is critical to understanding the full impacts of this policy instrument as well as one potential facet of “green growth.” By putting a price on pollution, do environmentally related taxes spur innovation? What types of innovation result? Does the design of the tax play a critical role? What is the effect of this innovation? 

    In analysing these questions, this report draws on case studies that cover Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Israel and others. It covers a wide set of environmental issues and technologies, as well as the economic and policy contexts. The research methods range from econometric analysis to interviews with business owners and executives. The report also explores the use of environmentally related taxes in OECD countries and outlines considerations for policymakers when implementing these taxes. 

    Green growth policies can stimulate economic growth while preventing environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and unsustainable natural resource use. The results from this publication will contribute to the Green Growth Strategy being developed by the OECD as a practical policy package for governments to harness the potential of greener growth.  

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